Names or keywords. Advanced Search. All Boards. Use Soundex. Hide Advanced Search.
The implication that the chief executive of Missouri conspired to kill a private citizen startled the public and added to James's notoriety. Samuels attended school at New Liberty and was graduated from a Cincinnati medical college. On April 3,Jesse James was killed by Robert Ford, who was a member of the gang living in the James house and who was hoping to collect a state reward on James' head. Crittendenplanning to bring in the famous outlaw. Views Read Edit View history. It has been argued in rebuttal that James was at the time Facial exercise for eyes bedridden with his wound. Trip Planning Caution : RoadsideAmerica.
Oob chick. Historical records matching Jesse James, American Outlaw
The James—Samuel family sided with jessw Confederates at the outbreak of homsstead. Local violence continued to increase in the state; Governor Thomas Clement Fletcher had recently ordered homesteead company of militia into Johnson County to suppress guerrilla activity. Jamds intent of the first Homestead Act, passed inwas to liberalize the homesteading requirements of the Preemption Act of On April 3,Jesse James was killed by Robert Ford, who was a member of the gang living in the James house and Acres jesse james family homestead was hoping to collect a state reward on James' head. Birth of Mary Susan Barr. The arrangements had not yet been finished this morning, but the funeral probably will be tomorrow afternoon, if the relatives arrive in time. Three years ago her second husband died in a Acdes hospital for the insame at St. It was in very rough shape but we were renting and hoping to buy it in time. Samuel's face as she left the porch and led the way around the house to what had been a grave under a great tree. Third: I have heretofore given to my grand-daughter Page 2: Mary S. We put out the blaze, and no Horny story super saved the lives of the rest, for the plan evidently was to kill all of us and burn up our bodies to destroy all evidence against them.
Reuben Samuel by repeatedly hanging him from a tree in the front yard.
- Jesse James's mother Zerelda Samuel.
- There father died while the boys were young and their mother was married a couple of more times after his death.
- Autobiographies Biographies St.
- Son of Rev.
Son of Rev. Jesse Woodson James September 5, — April 3, was an American outlaw, gang leader, bank robber, train robber, and murderer from the state of Missouri and the most famous member of the James-Younger Gang. Already a celebrity when he was alive, he became a legendary figure of the Wild West after his death. Some recent scholars place him in the context of regional insurgencies of ex-Confederates following the American Civil War rather than a manifestation of frontier lawlessness or economic justice.
They were accused of participating in atrocities committed against Union soldiers. After the war, as members of one gang or another, they robbed banks, stagecoaches, and trains.
Despite popular portrayals of James as a kind of Robin Hood, robbing from the rich and giving to the poor, there is no evidence that he and his gang used their robbery gains for anyone but themselves. The James brothers were most active with their gang from about until , when their attempted robbery of a bank in Northfield, Minnesota, resulted in the capture or deaths of several members. They continued in crime for several years, recruiting new members, but were under increasing pressure from law enforcement.
On April 3, , Jesse James was killed by Robert Ford, who was a member of the gang living in the James house and who was hoping to collect a state reward on James' head. Jesse James Farm in Kearney. The original farmhouse is on the left and an addition on the right was expanded after Jesse James died.
Across a creek and up a hill on the right was the home of Daniel Askew, where Askew was killed on April 12, Askew was suspected of cooperating with the Pinkertons in the January bombing of the house in a room on the left. James's original grave was on the property but he was later moved to a cemetery in Kearney.
The original footstone is still outside, although the family has replaced the headstone. His father, Robert S. James, of Welsh ancestry, was a commercial hemp farmer and Baptist minister in Kentucky, who migrated to Bradford, Missouri after marriage and helped found William Jewell College in Liberty, Missouri. He was prosperous, acquiring six slaves and more than acres 0.
Robert James traveled to California during the Gold Rush to minister to those searching for gold and died there when Jesse was three years old. Reuben Samuel, who moved into the James' home. Zerelda and Reuben Samuel acquired a total of seven slaves, who served mainly as farmhands in tobacco cultivation in Missouri. Clay County was in a region of Missouri later dubbed "Little Dixie," as it was a center of migration from the Upper South.
Farmers raised the same crops and livestock as in the areas they migrated from. They brought slaves with them and purchased more according to need. The county had more slaveholders, who held more slaves, than in other regions.
Aside from slavery, the culture of Little Dixie was Southern in other ways as well. This influenced how the population acted during and after the American Civil War. In Missouri as a whole, slaves accounted for only 10 percent of the population, but in Clay County they constituted 25 percent.
After the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act in , Clay County became the scene of great turmoil, as the question of whether slavery would be expanded into the neighboring Kansas Territory came to dominate public life. Numerous people from Missouri migrated to Kansas to try to influence its future. Much of the tension that led up to the Civil War centered on the violence that erupted in Kansas between pro- and anti-slavery militias.
After a series of campaigns and battles between conventional armies in , guerrilla warfare gripped the state, waged between secessionist "bushwhackers" and Union forces, which largely consisted of local militia organizations "jayhawkers". A bitter conflict ensued, bringing an escalating cycle of atrocities by both sides. Guerrillas murdered civilian Unionists, executed prisoners and scalped the dead. Union forces enforced martial law with raids on homes, arrests of civilians, summary executions and banishment of Confederate sympathizers from the state.
The James-Samuel family took the Confederate side at the outset of the war. Frank James joined a local company recruited for the secessionist Drew Lobbs Army, and fought at the Battle of Wilson's Creek, though he fell ill and returned home soon afterward. In , he was identified as a member of a guerrilla squad that operated in Clay County.
In May of that year, a Union militia company raided the James-Samuel farm, looking for Frank's group. They tortured Reuben Samuel by briefly hanging him from a tree. According to legend, they lashed young Jesse. It is thought that he took part in the notorious massacre of some men and boys in Lawrence, Kansas, a center of abolitionists. Frank James followed Quantrill to Texas over the winter of —4. In the spring he returned in a squad commanded by Fletch Taylor.
The James brothers joined the bushwhacker group led by Bloody Bill Anderson. Jesse suffered a serious wound to the chest that summer. The Clay County provost marshal reported that both Frank and Jesse James took part in the Centralia Massacre in September, in which guerrillas killed or wounded some 22 unarmed Union troops; the guerrillas scalped and dismembered some of the dead.
The guerrillas ambushed and defeated a pursuing regiment of Major A. Johnson's Union troops, killing all who tried to surrender more than Frank later identified Jesse as a member of the band who had fatally shot Major Johnson. Though ordered to move South beyond Union lines, instead they moved across the nearby state border into Nebraska. After Anderson was killed in an ambush in October, the James brothers separated.
He is known to have returned to Missouri in the spring. Jesse James suffered the second of two life-threatening chest wounds. At the end of the Civil War, Missouri was in shambles. The conflict split the population into three bitterly opposed factions: anti-slavery Unionists, identified with the Republican Party; the segregationist conservative Unionists, identified with the Democratic Party; and pro-slavery, ex-Confederate secessionists, many of whom were also allied with the Democrats, especially the southern part of the party.
The Republican Reconstruction administration passed a new state constitution that freed Missouri's slaves. It temporarily excluded former Confederates from voting, serving on juries, becoming corporate officers, or preaching from church pulpits. The atmosphere was volatile, with widespread clashes between individuals, and between armed gangs of veterans from both sides of the war. Jesse recovered from his chest wound at his uncle's Missouri boardinghouse, where he was tended to by his first cousin, Zerelda "Zee" Mimms, named after Jesse's mother.
Meanwhile, his old commander Archie Clement kept his bushwhacker gang together and began to harass Republican authorities. These men were the likely culprits in the first daylight armed bank robbery in the United States in peacetime, the robbery of the Clay County Savings Association in the town of Liberty, Missouri, on February 13, This bank was owned by Republican former militia officers who had recently conducted the first Republican Party rally in Clay County's history.
One innocent bystander, a student of William Jewell College which James's father had helped to found , was shot dead on the street during the gang's escape. After their later robberies took place and they became legends, there were those who credited them with being the leaders of the Clay County robbery. No concrete evidence has surfaced to connect either brother to the crime, or to rule them out. This was a time of increasing local violence; Governor Fletcher had recently ordered a company of militia into Johnson County to suppress guerrilla activity.
Shortly afterward, the state militia shot Clement dead, an event James wrote about with bitterness a decade later. The survivors of Clement's gang continued to conduct bank robberies over the next two years, though their numbers dwindled through arrests, gunfights, and lynchings. While they later tried to justify robbing the banks, these were small, local banks with local capital, not part of the national system that was an object of popular discontent in the s and s.
The robbery netted little money, but it appears that Jesse shot and killed the cashier, Captain John Sheets, mistakenly believing him to be Samuel P.
James's self-proclaimed attempt at revenge, and the daring escape he and Frank made through the middle of a posse shortly afterward, put his name in the newspapers for the first time. The robbery marked the emergence of Jesse James as the most famous of the former guerrillas turned outlaw. It marked the first time he was publicly labeled an "outlaw," as Missouri Governor Thomas T.
Crittenden set a reward for his capture. Edwards, a former Confederate cavalryman, was campaigning to return former secessionists to power in Missouri. Six months after the Gallatin robbery, Edwards published the first of many letters from Jesse James to the republic, asserting his innocence. Over time, the letters gradually became more political in tone, denouncing the Republicans and voicing James' pride in his Confederate loyalties.
Together with Edwards's admiring editorials, the letters turned James into a symbol of Confederate defiance of Reconstruction. Jesse James's initiative in creating his rising public profile is debated by historians and biographers, though the tense politics certainly surrounded his outlaw career and enhanced his notoriety. With Jesse James as the public face of the gang though with operational leadership likely shared among the group , the gang carried out a string of robberies from Iowa to Texas, and from Kansas to West Virginia.
They robbed banks, stagecoaches, and a fair in Kansas City, often in front of large crowds, even hamming it up for the bystanders. For this, they wore Ku Klux Klan masks, deliberately taking on a potent symbol years after the Klan had been suppressed in the South by President Grant's use of the Force Acts.
Former rebels attacked the railroads as symbols of threatening centralization. In fact, in only two train hold-ups did they rob passengers, because James typically limited himself to the express safe in the baggage car.
Such techniques reinforced the Robin Hood image that Edwards created in his newspapers, but the James gang never shared any of the robbery money outside their circle. The Chicago-based agency worked primarily against urban professional criminals, as well as providing industrial security, such as strike breaking. Because the James-Younger gang received support by many former Confederate soldiers in Missouri, they eluded the Pinkertons.
Joseph Whicher, an agent dispatched to infiltrate Zerelda Samuel's farm, shortly afterwards was found killed. Two others, Louis J. Lull and John Boyle, were sent after the Youngers; Lull was killed by two of the Youngers in a roadside gunfight on March 17, , fatally shooting John Younger before he died. A deputy sheriff named Edwin Daniels was also killed in the skirmish. Allan Pinkerton, the agency's founder and leader, took on the case as a personal vendetta.
He began to work with former Unionists who lived near the James family farm. On the night of January 25, , he staged a raid on the homestead. Detectives threw an incendiary device into the house; it exploded, killing James's young half-brother Archie named for Archie Clement and blowing off one of the arms of mother Zerelda Samuel. Afterward, Pinkerton denied that the raid's intent was arson. But biographer Ted Yeatman located a letter by Pinkerton in the Library of Congress in which Pinkerton declared his intention to "burn the house down.
Knopf Publishing, Though a panel of 10 forensic "experts" said it was Jesse James, we at Roadside America remind, " ears don't lie. Jesse Woodson James September 5, — April 3, was an American outlaw, gang leader, bank robber, train robber, and murderer from the state of Missouri and the most famous member of the James-Younger Gang. Fulkerson estate Hazel Dell in Jersey County, Illinois, Jesse James' history is told in stories and by reenactments of stagecoach holdups. System1 Company. After I married Doctor Samuels and our little boy, Archie, was born, the war came.
Acres jesse james family homestead. Who was Jesse James?
The brothers were accused of committing atrocities against Union troops when they reportedly participated in the Centralia Massacre where Anderson's bushwackers killed or wounded 22 unarmed Union soldiers. After the Civil War, the James brothers took up crime as the more famous members of the James-Younger gang. The gang committed train robberies, bank robberies, and murder from until when an attempted robbery of the Northfield, Minnesota bank resulted in the deaths and capture of some of the gang.
While Frank retired from crime after that attempt, Jesse returned to crime by forming a new gang in Jesse had by then become America's most wanted criminal. Susanna Norwood is the 6th great-grandmother of the outlaw Jesse James. She is also the key to his royal ancestry through her father Capt. John Norwood who came to Virginia from England about Harry Newman died shortly after publishing this account and the details regarding this research apparently has not been published.
So without further research, any royal cousins or famous kin through Capt. Our pump house had a large old-fashioned hand pump and it took a while to fill up that water trough! The jingle of chains still brings my mind back to watching him logging in the bush.
He always used his team of draft horses to pull the logs out, favouring his horses over using a tractor in the bush. After my father passed away I found myself living a very different life. I lived on the edge of town, close enough to see the farm fields and hear the roosters crow. I fell in love with the zucchini relish and other canning my Aunt would often bring over for us.
I started to have the desire to learn to can and of course, if I wanted to can then I wanted a garden. You see where this is going right? My first garden I hand dug a small 6 x 6 foot square in my grandmother's backyard. I grew zucchini, cucumbers, tomatoes, beans, and peas. The garden bug bit me and I was doomed forever to want to get my hands in the dirt. It was a lot of work and very productive! I started learning how to can my own relish , pickles , applesauce , and jams. Of course, my garden needed fertilizer so my next step was to get some rabbits.
I started with a mini rex and later added a variety of meat rabbits to my herd. Then I brought home some chickens…. A few years later I met and married my best friend, who has the same homesteading dreams. We started off living on an old neglected farm. It was in very rough shape but we were renting and hoping to buy it in time.
We did not have electricity or running water , that is unless we rain to get it from the spring-fed well! No indoor plumbing at all. That first summer we did most of our cooking outside on a small wood stove, including all of my canning.
Near the end of our 3rd year, we knew that it was not the Lord's plan for us to stay at this place and sadly moved on. Eventually, we were living in an apartment in town for a few years and yes that was a big change again! We now had our first child, life was busier but we still wanted to keep things as simple as possible.
See I just have to have a garden of some kind! I grew herbs in the flower beds and we hand dug a 6 x 8 garden in the backyard. This helps a lot with vegetables for fresh eating and a little canning.
Jesse James' Homestead Open To Public - Roadside America
Jesse James was born at the family home and at the age of 16, followed his brother Frank into the Civil War. When the war ended, Jesse returned home and became an outlaw along with other former Confederate guerillas.
The museum includes the largest collection of Jesse James artifacts and outside is the original burial site of Jesse James. Show your pride in battlefield preservation by shopping in our store. Every purchase supports the mission. Skip to main content. Civil War. Historic Site. The Jesse James Farm and Museum. Forest Hill Cemetery. Shelby's heroic stand that saved Price's army.
Battle of Lexington State Historic Site. Lexington, Missouri This site centers around the Battle of Lexington and includes a twenty minute video and a self-guided walking tour. Confederate Memorial State Historic Site.
Higginsville, Missouri This site preserves and interprets the remains of the Confederate Home of Missouri, including the Confederate Home chapel, monument and cemetery. Battle Of Westport. Stirling Price's Missouri campaign. Join t Fight. Membership Magazine. Rev War. Anniversary: Cornwallis Surrenders at Yorktown. Save 22 Acres at New Market Heights.
Free Estate Planning Guides. Create Your Legacy of Battlefield Preservation. American Battlefield Trust Store. The American Battlefield Trust and our members have saved more than 51, acres in 24 states!
Save 42 Acres. Donate Now. Save 22 Acres. Help save a crucial acre tract on the battlefield where 14 African American soldiers earned the highest military honor in the land.
Create Your Legacy. How will you be remembered? Create your unique legacy of battlefield preservation through your estate plans, with our complimentary guides. Get Started Today. Get Head-Tilting History in Your Inbox Sign up for our monthly email series of curated stories for the curious-minded sort!