Eczema is used to describe a group of inflammatory skin conditions. Nearly 32 million Americans are affected by at least one type of eczema. These conditions make your skin red, itchy, flaky, and cracked. They can appear almost anywhere on your body, including the shaft of your penis and the nearby genital area. Read on to learn more about what symptoms to watch for, how to find relief at home, when to see your doctor, and more.
Sweating and friction Hairy images tight clothing are also Glans non specific dermatitis causes. Here are several…. You can:. If your doctor makes an eczema diagnosis, they may prescribe one or more of the following to help treat eczema flare-ups:. Apply to your penis twice daily to keep your skin moisturized and prevent cracking. This material may not otherwise be downloaded, drrmatitis, printed, stored, transmitted or reproduced in any medium, whether now known or later invented, except as authorized in writing by the AAFP.
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He said if things do not Glans non specific dermatitis in two weeks to come back at the end of the month to do STD testing. See Breast lump in liq apps to check your skin. Archived from the original on 4 July Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg. A variety of infectious, inflammatory, and neoplastic dermatoses can develop on the glans penis, and definitive diagnosis in such cases may be difficult owing to their non-specific symptoms and clinical appearance. I would use neosporin or triple-B gel to cover the eruption sore and make certain all my urine exited before putting it back. Low-quality evidence indicates that moisturizing agents emollients may reduce eczema severity and lead to fewer flares. When these are negative, the origin of the balanitis is considered 'nonspecific'. Nature Genetics. I had found a remedy Glans non specific dermatitis worked for me but couldn't remember what it was until I started searching for help and ran across these posts.
Genital skin problems are very common and can be very itchy or painful, distressing and embarrassing.
- The glans penis , more commonly referred to as the glans , is a structure at the distal end of the penis in male mammals.
- This material must not be used for commercial purposes, or in any hospital or medical facility.
- Balanitis of Zoon's BZ is a frequent diagnosis in mature men and lesions are generally localized on the glans but may involve the prepuce.
Q I have had a red rash on the top of my penis for the last two years, which comes and goes. I have been to see my doctor and I have been treated with an antifungal cream. This does clear it up, but once I stop it, it recurs. I am worried that I have got a resistant infection. A It is very unlikely you have a resistant infection, but I would advise you discuss this with your doctor and if necessary be referred to an appropriate specialist. This may be a condition called balanitis, which is inflammation of the glans or head or the penis.
Red or pink patches on the glans are not uncommon and there can be associated tenderness, oozing, discomfort and itching. Inflammation of the skin on the penis can be caused by any of the common conditions which can affect the skin elsewhere on the body, such as eczema, psoriasis, allergy, lichen planus etc. There are also some skin conditions which affect just the skin of the genitals.
An example of this is plasma cell balanitis. Your doctor or dermatologist should look for signs of skin disease elsewhere and this may give a clue as to the diagnosis.
There is a form of balanitis, which is called non-specific, when no other cause is found. It is thought it may possibly be an irritant reaction to the normal bugs that are found in small numbers on normal skin.
Non-specific balanitis nearly always affects uncircumcised men as the foreskin keeps the area moist and this permits the bugs to grow.
There are, however, other factors. Infrequent washing or over frequent washing, some irritants such as creams, lubricants can play a role. Treatment will depend on whether there is an associated skin or systemic disease. Occasionally a biopsy or sample of the skin may need to be taken to confirm a diagnosis. Personal hygiene is also very important and the aim is to keep the head of the penis and the foreskin clean and dry.
Daily showering with particular attention to cleaning the glans, washing with warm water, avoiding using soap in the area using a non-soap cleanser such as aqueous cream instead. After showering, dry the area and make sure the head of the penis is completely dry before replacing the foreskin. Prescription treatments include topical antifungals, antibiotics or antiseptics. A mild topical steroid may be used on its own or in conjunction with one of these.
If the problem persists it may be useful to request a referral to a genitourinary physician, an urologist or a dermatologist. Q My husband is a teacher and has noticed that his voice has become hoarse recently. He was seen by a specialist and was told that he has vocal cord nodules. What does this mean and how can it be treated? A When we speak, air from our lungs travels up through the trachea windpipe and into the larynx voice-box , which houses our vocal cords.
Our vocal cords, which are two delicate muscles, vibrate to create sound which is then shaped into different sounds in the mouth. Voice disorders including vocal cord nodules, may develop if interference with this normal vocal mechanism occurs. Vocal nodules can develop in people with vocally demanding occupations, eg teachers, singers, and coaches. If hoarseness persists for more than two or three weeks, it is advisable to make an appointment with your GP.
Vocal cord nodules are benign non-cancerous , localised growths that occur on the vocal cords. One or both cords may be involved, vary in size and may re-occur if the vocally abusive behaviours persist. Symptoms include a slowly developing hoarseness, a breathy voice, reduced vocal range and vocal fatigue.
Initially a full examination by an ear, nose and throat ENT specialist is required to diagnose the presence of vocal cord nodules. A referral is then usually made to the speech and language therapist for further assessment and treatment of this voice disorder.
In voice therapy, assessment includes obtaining a case history and looking at different vocal parameters including respiration, phonation and resonance. Therapy involves eliminating the behaviours that caused the nodules.
This may include, identifying and eliminating negative vocal habits, relaxation techniques to eliminate tension, optimising breathing to support the voice as well as specific vocal exercises to strengthen or modify vocal use. Nodules usually regress through voice therapy with a speech and language therapist in the majority of cases.
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Glans non specific dermatitis. Discuss this Article
This page provides links to information On DermNet NZ about skin conditions affecting the genital area. Non-venereal skin infections may present in the genital area, presumably because the organisms thrive in warmth and humidity. Non-infectious skin lesions and miscellaneous conditions that are commonly found in the genital area include:.
A careful history and full skin examination, including genital skin, are recommended. Tests often include:. Genital skin is delicate, so treatment must be undertaken gently. Wash once or twice daily with warm water. Avoid soap; a pH balanced non-soap cleanser can be used but should be rinsed off.
Ramakrishnan July Annals of National Medical Science India. Fogarty; Haftan Eckholdt; Joseph C. Arezzo; Arnold Melman April Arezzo; Arnold Melman April 26 — May 1, American Urological Association 98th Annual Meeting. Chicago, Illinois. Archived from the original on February 7, Journal of Sexual Medicine. April British Journal of Urology International. Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue.
Munger April Brain Research. Bradley July British Journal of Urology. Spaethe Sensory innervation of the human penis. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology.
Retrieved OUP Oxford. Walker; G. Luzzi; R. Bell; D. Taylor-Robinson; M. Byrne; A. Renton October Genitourinary Medicine. Canadian Paediatric Society. Newborn male circumcision ; [Retrieved 20 October ].
Meatal stenosis ; 22 September [Retrieved 2 October ]. Ewer The Carnivores. Cornell University Press. Retrieved 8 February Rastogi Publications. Retrieved 10 February Evans; Alexander de Lahunta 7 August Miller's Anatomy of the Dog. Elsevier Health Sciences. Mammalian Species : 1—5. Retrieved 19 May Australian Mammal Society. Retrieved 25 December University of Chicago. Reproductive Physiology of Marsupials. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 5 May The Biology of the Monotremes.
Elsevier Science. Hyman's Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy. University of Chicago Press. Journal of Mammalogy. University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Dermatoses of the Glans Penis in Korea: A Year Single Center Experience
A variety of infectious, inflammatory, and neoplastic dermatoses can develop on the glans penis, and definitive diagnosis in such cases may be difficult owing to their non-specific symptoms and clinical appearance. Furthermore, data on dermatoses of the glans penis in Korea are limited.
In the present study, we aimed to determine the prevalence of dermatoses of the glans penis in Korea and provide clinical data to assist in making an accurate diagnosis. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records, clinical photographs, and histologic slides of 65 patients with dermatoses of the glans penis that visited the Pusan National University Hospital between January and August The most common dermatosis of the glans penis was seborrheic dermatitis, followed by lichen planus, herpes progenitalis, condyloma accuminatum, erythroplasia of Queyrat, Zoon's balanitis, and psoriasis.
This study shows the usefulness of a topographic approach in the diagnosis of dermatoses of the glans penis in Korea. The findings could be used as baseline data for establishing an accurate diagnosis in Koreans.
Skin problems related to the glans penis can be of great concern to patients. In Korea, most patients with penile skin problems tend to self-medicate to avoid seeking treatment at a hospital.
Physicians, including dermatologists, might not be familiar with penile skin diseases and may find it difficult to establish an accurate diagnosis. In particular, a variety of infectious, inflammatory, and neoplastic dermatoses can affect the glans penis, and may diminish quality of life 1 , 2. Many dermatoses present with similar clinical features; therefore, accumulation of clinical data on the different skin lesions of the glans penis in Korea is needed.
In the present study, we aimed to determine the penile dermatoses prevalent in Korea and to provide data for making an accurate clinical diagnosis. This retrospective study included patients with dermatoses of the glans penis presenting at the Pusan National University Hospital between January and August Skin biopsies were performed in all the enrolled patients, and medical records, clinical photographs, and histology slides were reviewed retrospectively. Clinical data including age, signs, and symptoms were analyzed.
Based on the clinicopathological findings, the dermatoses were classified into 3 types: inflammatory, infectious, or neoplastic. Dermatoses not belonging to any of the above groups were classified as "other. Sixty-five patients with dermatoses of the glans penis were included in the study. All patients were circumcised, except for one patient with a chancroid. The demographic data of all patients are summarized in Table 1.
The number of patients affected showed a tendency to increase from the age of 30 years and over. Twenty-three patients Twenty-six types of dermatoses were identified Table 2. The dermatoses are presented according to anatomical distribution in Fig.
In Korea, it is not uncommon for patients to have penile glans dermatoses; however physicians dealing with them might not be familiar with these skin conditions because most patients tend to conceal them and avoid seeking treatment.
Although there are a variety of dermatoses of the glans penis, their clinical features can be quite similar. Moreover, the glans penis is exposed to external factors such as urine, sexual secretions, condoms, microorganisms, and physical factors that can alter the clinical presentation of these dermatoses.
There have been no comprehensive studies of glans penis dermatoses in Korea and clinical data are needed. Hence, we attempted to document the types of dermatoses of the glans penis prevalent in Korea in order to accumulate clinical data. A recent study has reported that the rate of circumcision in a given population has a strong impact on the occurrence of the dermatoses of the glans penis 3. Mallon et al. In the present study, all patients with dermatoses of the glans penis were circumcised, except for one patient who presented with chancroid.
More detailed studies are needed to understand the association between the prevalence of penile dermatoses and circumcision rates in Korea. The age incidence by decade tended to increase from the age of 30 years and over. This could be due to the following reasons: 1 the number of cases of congenital abnormalities was extremely low in this study, 2 sexual activities begin to increase from early and middle adulthood, 3 inflammatory dermatoses such as lichen planus and seborrheic dermatitis usually occur between the 30 and 60 years of age, and 4 many neoplastic dermatoses are commonly seen in the elderly.
Furthermore, more than half of the patients presented with itching or pain. The dermatoses of the glans penis exhibited a variety of cutaneous signs, but red scaly patches were the most common and were found in various dermatoses such as seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, lichen planus, erythroplasia of Queyrat, and Zoon's balanitis.
Although patients presented with dermatologic symptoms and signs, many dermatoses of the glans penis, except for neoplastic dermatoses and condyloma accuminatum, had similar symptoms.
Therefore, dermatologists should always be alert to diagnose these patients based on patient history and careful examination. The range of histopathological diagnoses is broad despite the similarities in clinical manifestations. In the present study, 32 patients This could be due to the similar clinical appearance among various penile dermatoses Fig.
In this study, inflammatory dermatoses were most prevalent followed by infectious and neoplastic dermatoses. Another study on the prevalence of penile dermatoses reported that infectious dermatosis was the most common type, followed by papulosquamous dermatoses, dermatitis, drug reactions, and neoplasms 6.
The most common dermatosis of the glans penis in the present study was seborrheic dermatitis, followed by lichen planus, herpes progenitalis, condyloma accuminatum, erythroplasia of Queyrat, Zoon's balanitis, and psoriasis. Hillman et al. The prevalence of seborrheic dermatitis and lichen planus in this study was significantly lower than that in the present study.
We hypothesize that this difference may be attributable to the inclusion of patients with mild seborrheic dermatitis as well as ethnic, environmental, socio-economic, and sexual factors. However, the reason for this difference could not be confirmed because of the limited data on the prevalence of dermatoses of the glans penis recorded over 10 years of investigation in the present study.
The clinical approach in the diagnosis of male genital dermatoses involves a thorough assessment of medical and family history, and physical examination. It is helpful to consider a topographic approach for accurate differential diagnoses. The most prevalent dermatoses localized to the glans penis and genitalia were seborrheic dermatitis and lichen planus. The high prevalence of seborrheic dermatitis can be explained by the fact that seborrhea has a predilection for the glans penis and the penile shaft 7.
Similarly, lichen planus often affects the genital mucosa including the glans penis as the initial or sole manifestation 8. Several reports have also cited the isolated occurrence of lichen planus on the glans penis 9 , Therefore, dermatologists should strongly consider seborrheic dermatitis and lichen planus in the differential diagnosis of patients with inflammatory dermatosis localized at the glans penis.
Twenty-two patients The topographic predilection of lichen planus, psoriasis, and vitiligo could be related to the Koebner phenomenon and the usual tendency for the generalized distribution of these skin manifestations. Although the sample size of this study was small, to our knowledge, this was the first study describing prevalent dermatoses of the glans penis in Korea.
Our findings provide useful clinical data for the diagnoses of penile glans dermatoses and serve as a basis for further studies. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Ann Dermatol v. Ann Dermatol. Published online Jan Find articles by Hyang-Suk You. Find articles by Gun-Wook Kim.
Find articles by Won-Jeong Kim. Find articles by Je-Ho Mun. Find articles by Margaret Song. Find articles by Hoon-Soo Kim. Find articles by Hyun-Chang Ko. Find articles by Byung-Soo Kim. Find articles by Moon-Bum Kim. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.
Corresponding author. Tel: , Fax: , ten. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background A variety of infectious, inflammatory, and neoplastic dermatoses can develop on the glans penis, and definitive diagnosis in such cases may be difficult owing to their non-specific symptoms and clinical appearance.
Objective In the present study, we aimed to determine the prevalence of dermatoses of the glans penis in Korea and provide clinical data to assist in making an accurate diagnosis. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the medical records, clinical photographs, and histologic slides of 65 patients with dermatoses of the glans penis that visited the Pusan National University Hospital between January and August Conclusion This study shows the usefulness of a topographic approach in the diagnosis of dermatoses of the glans penis in Korea.
Keywords: Dermatoses, Korea, Penis. Table 1 Clinical data of patients with dermatoses of the glans penis. Open in a separate window. Table 2 Dermatoses of the glans penis. Dermatoses localized only to the glans penis, dermatoses localized to the genitalia glans penis plus other genital areas , and dermatoses involving the extra-genitalia and glans penis.
Dermatoses of glans penis showing a similar clinical appearance and histopathology findings. References 1. Dermatoses of the glans penis and prepuce. J Am Acad Dermatol. Singh S, Bunker C. Male genital dermatoses in old age. Age Ageing. Circumcision and sexually transmissible disease. Med J Aust. Circumcision and genital dermatoses.
Arch Dermatol. Decline in male circumcision in South Korea.