An important cultural center during the Middle Ages, it was known for its artistic and architectural works by Giotto, Mantegna, and Donatello. Galileo taught at its university from to Pop: Latin name: Patavium Italian name: Padova. Switch to new thesaurus.
Retrieved 16 August Christianity was Lattin to Padua and much of the Veneto by Saint Prosdocimus. Archived from Horny lesbian match original on 15 October History at your fingertips. If you know how to pronounce Padua, just click the button to record. Padua has two railway stations open to passengers. At the Diet of Aix-la-Chapellethe duchy and march of Friuliin which Padua lay, was divided into four counties, one of which took its title Ltain the city of Padua. Since the city also has its Latin name padua Gaelic football club, Padova Gaelic Football.
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Padua is on the river Bacchiglione , west of Venice.
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It is located centrally in the Veneto region, between Venezia on one side and Vicenza and Verona on the other. The city itself has , inhabitants , with about , inhabitants in the wider metropolitan area.
One of the oldest cities in northern Italy, according to a legend Padova was founded by the Trojan prince Antenor in the BC after the fall of Troy. It is certain that there were settlements around the 10th - 11th centuries BC, the ancient town was probably one of the most important of the Veneti people. Padova later fell under the control of the Romans during their expansion in northern Italy, grew rapidly and became one of the wealthiest cities outside of Rome.
Padova is a central railway node in the Veneto area. Many lines converge into the city central station, notably from:. More info is available on the Trenitalia website . Padova has its own airport for private planes, but with no direct commercial connections.
However, three international airports are conveniently located nearby:. Discovering the city on foot is very easy. The historic center is not very big, so you can go around in the narrow streets. Padova, luckily, is quite a flat city. Apart from the few roman bridges and some -not very steep- streets, you will not find any hills to hike. In some areas, the cobbling is such that it would be unsuitable for standard road bicycles.
Outside the narrow streets, a bike lane is sometimes available. In the near Riviera del Brenta you can hire bikes at local shops , with free delivery services at your hotel, for make excursions in Padova region.
The line SIR1 , entered service with passengers on March, 24th The route is Stazione F. This line is very useful for tourists because it stops near various monuments, museums and local landmarks like Santo Basilica, Eremitani Civic Museums, Cappella degli Scrovegni, Prato della Valle, Santa Giustina Basilica, Botanic Garden, central squares. The stops for each of these are in bold above. The line is northbound-southbound, travel time 22 minutes from terminus to terminus.
The tram runs every 8 minutes during weekdays daytime, 10 at early evening, 30 at late evening, every minutes on Sundays from 7. Many lines run on the two main axes in the centre: North-South and East-West. Many of them terminate at the train station, which is also the main node of the bus network.
Apart from the tramway, the most frequent are lines 10 and 3. Fares: See here for an up-to-date list of prices: APS . Getting around by car in the city center can be very difficult. During peak hours traffic jams are frequent.
And if you want to see the city center, apart from the narrow streets and pedestrian zones, a traffic limited zone  has been established from 8AM till 8PM and cameras on several entrance points control the access: those who are not authorized will get a fine.
It is useful to park your car in one of several parking lots  or on the park areas on the streets, then take a bus or walk from there. More info can be found in italian on  website. Although the observatory was build after Galileo's time in Padova, you'll learn a lot about his significance for the research in Padova. You reach the top of the tower after a lecture of about one hour and can enjoy the view.
Padova has two major markets. The older, much larger market fills the Piazza delle Erbe and Piazza della Frutta, lying to the north and south of a grand, arcaded stone building, the Palazzo della Ragione. The open passages of the Palazzo house the butchers, cheese vendors, fishmongers, and fresh pasta shops. The Piazza delle Erbe to the south is mostly fruits and vegetables; the Piazza dei Frutti to the north is about half fruits and vegetables and half bric-a-brac and clothing. These markets are open all day every weekday plus Saturday.
On Saturdays, the Prato della Valle is filled with a giant market selling clothing, household goods, plants, and antiques. A small fruit and vegetable market has opened weekday mornings as well, though it is incomparably smaller than the offerings at the Palazzo della Ragione.
The old stone streets and piazzas to the southeast of the Piazza delle Erbe are pedestrianized and form the shopping center of the town.
Padova Contents 1 Understand 1. Understand [ edit ] History [ edit ] One of the oldest cities in northern Italy, according to a legend Padova was founded by the Trojan prince Antenor in the BC after the fall of Troy.
Get in [ edit ] By train [ edit ] Padova is a central railway node in the Veneto area. Many lines converge into the city central station, notably from: Venezia Venice , Trieste , and points East - Venice is only a minute ride away. Milano Milan , Brescia , Verona , Vicenza two hours and half minute ride.
Castelfranco Belluno , Calalzo , Feltre 45 minute ride. By plane [ edit ] Padova has its own airport for private planes, but with no direct commercial connections. However, three international airports are conveniently located nearby: Venezia Marco Polo VCE  , 50km, lot of destinations throughout Europe.
By bicycle [ edit ] Padova, luckily, is quite a flat city. Every day, 6. Saint Anthony's Basilica is the best-known tourist site in Padova - millions of pilgrims visit every year. Built immediately after "The Saint's" death in the s, it houses his tomb and notable relics. The statues and crucifix on the main altar are by Donatello, as is the statue of horse and rider in the square in front of the church called "Gattamelata" - "the honeyed cat". George's Oratory Oratorio di San Giorgio.
A beautiful, frescoed, and generally empty hall on the south side of the piazza next to the Basilica di Sant'Antonio. The paintings were done by two of Giotto's students, and though they are not as magnificent as those in the Cappella degli Scrovegni, you can sit down and gaze at them undisturbed for as long as you like. Every day, 9. The Chapel is in the north of the city center, not far from the bus and train stations. The walls and ceilings are covered in frescos by Giotto, completed in The chapel has been well preserved and the art is very impressive.
Some of the techniques used were well ahead of their time. A must-see for art and art history fans. In the off-season, the wait from purchase to first available timeslot is about 4 hours unless you arrive before the hordes; in summer it's probably even longer. When you are admitted, you will be held for 15 minutes in a antechamber to lower body humidity which would otherwise damage the frescoes. During this time, you'll see a documentary presenting the chapel and its history.
Then you will be allowed 15 minutes to see the frescoes before being shepherded out. At Historically a Roman theater and later a fairground, it was redone in to the present layout: a large central grassy area, surrounded by a statue-lined canal, then a broad expanse of flagstones before a couple lanes of traffic are allowed to trickle around it in the distance.
Saturdays the square hosts a giant market. Other large events occur frequently concerts, fairs, etc. The area around the canal is well-used by joggers, bikers, and rollerbladers. The square is also a great place to sit in the evening, relaxing and watching the world go by. The statues appear to have been placed precisely to be good backrests. When you visit, don't miss the Martyr's Hallway off of the right-front corner of the basilica. Roman ruins , including an Arena. The Arena is smaller and less impressive than those in Verona or Rome , but well-located in a lovely and well-maintained park.
About three quarters of the Arena walls remain; the rest were removed to make way for the Scrovegni Chapel and Scrovegni Palace the latter now long gone. In summertime, open-air movies are shown in the Arena. Chiesa Eremitani , near Scrovegni's Chapel, has an unusual wooden ceiling.
The church was badly damaged in WWII, and much of its artwork was destroyed, but what remains is beautiful. Michaelangelo was involved in the cathedral's design. Inside, there are some surprisingly modern touches among the statues and artwork. The duomo is mostly known for its baptistry which is filled with frescoes in late medieval style.
Note: The cathedral closes during lunch, with no visible hours posted beside the doors. If they're closed, try again later. Next door to the cathedral is the Baptistry , with impressive frescos by Giusto de Menabuoi done between Paoli", turn to via S.
Sa-Su Tickets at the Oratorio S.
However, depopulation from plague and war ensued. Mamacita's Ristorante Latino. The city centre is partly closed to vehicles, except for residents and permitted vehicles. View popular names by state or region. Find a restaurant. Wiktionary: Titles and License. Highlight of Strongsville High School views
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In fact, the poet Martial remarks on the thickness of the tunics made there. Nearby Abano was the birthplace, and after many years spent in Rome, the deathplace of Livy , whose Latin was said by the critic Asinius Pollio to betray his Patavinitas q. Quintilian, Inst. Christianity was introduced to Padua and much of the Veneto by Saint Prosdocimus. He is venerated as the first bishop of the city. His deacon, the Jewish convert Daniel , is also a saintly patron of the city.
The history of Padua during Late Antiquity follows the course of events common to most cities of north-eastern Italy. Padua suffered from the invasion of the Huns and was savagely sacked by Attila in A number of years afterward, it fell under the control of the Gothic kings Odoacer and Theodoric the Great.
It was reconquered for a short time by the Byzantine Empire in during the Gothic War. However, depopulation from plague and war ensued. The city was again seized by the Goths under Totila , but was restored to the Eastern Empire by Narses only to fall under the control of the Lombards in During these years, many of Paduans sought safety in the countryside and especially in the nearby lagoons of what would become Venice.
In , the city rose in revolt against Agilulf , the Lombard king who put the city under siege. After enduring a year-long bloody siege, the Lombards stormed and burned the city.
Many ancient artifacts and buildings were seriously damaged. The remains of an amphitheater the Arena and some bridge foundations are all that remain of Roman Padua today. At the Diet of Aix-la-Chapelle , the duchy and march of Friuli , in which Padua lay, was divided into four counties, one of which took its title from the city of Padua.
The end of the early Middle Ages at Padua was marked by the sack of the city by the Magyars in It was many years before Padua recovered from this ravage. During the period of episcopal supremacy over the cities of northern Italy, Padua does not appear to have been either very important or very active. The general tendency of its policy throughout the war of investitures was Imperial Ghibelline and not Roman Guelph ; and its bishops were, for the most part, of German extraction.
Under the surface, several important movements were taking place that were to prove formative for the later development of Padua. At the beginning of the 11th century the citizens established a constitution, composed of a general council or legislative assembly and a credenza or executive body.
During the next century they were engaged in wars with Venice and Vicenza for the right of water-way on the Bacchiglione and the Brenta. The city grew in power and self-confidence and in , government was entrusted to two consuls. The great families of Camposampiero , Este and Da Romano began to emerge and to divide the Paduan district among themselves. Their choice first fell on one of the Este family. The temporary success of the Lombard League helped to strengthen the towns.
However, their civic jealousy soon reduced them to weakness again. As a result, in Frederick II found little difficulty in establishing his vicar Ezzelino III da Romano in Padua and the neighbouring cities, where he practised frightful cruelties on the inhabitants. Padua then enjoyed a period of calm and prosperity: the basilica of the saint was begun; and the Paduans became masters of Vicenza. The University of Padua the second university in Italy, after Bologna was founded in , and as it flourished in the 13th century, Padua outpaced Bologna, where no effort had been made to expand the revival of classical precedents beyond the field of jurisprudence, to become a center of early humanist researches ,  with a first-hand knowledge of Roman poets that was unrivalled in Italy or beyond the Alps.
However, the advances of Padua in the 13th century finally brought the commune into conflict with Can Grande della Scala , lord of Verona.
In Padua had to yield to the Scaligeri of Verona. Jacopo da Carrara was elected lord of Padua in , at that point the city was home to 40, people. The Carraresi period was a long period of restlessness, for the Carraresi were constantly at war. Under Carraresi rule the early humanist circles in the university were effectively disbanded: Albertino Mussato , the first modern poet laureate , died in exile at Chioggia in , and the eventual heir of the Paduan tradition was the Tuscan Petrarch.
The Carraresi period finally came to an end as the power of the Visconti and of Venice grew in importance. Padua came under the rule of the Republic of Venice in , and mostly remained that way until the fall of the Republic of Venice in There was just a brief period when the city changed hands in during the wars of the League of Cambrai.
The agreement provided for the complete dismemberment of Venice's territory in Italy and for its partition among the signatories: Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I of the House of Habsburg was to receive Padua in addition to Verona and other territories. In Padua was held for just a few weeks by Imperial supporters.
Venetian troops quickly recovered it and successfully defended Padua during a siege by Imperial troops. Siege of Padua. Each was elected for sixteen months. Under these governors, the great and small councils continued to discharge municipal business and to administer the Paduan law, contained in the statutes of and The treasury was managed by two chamberlains; and every five years the Paduans sent one of their nobles to reside as nuncio in Venice, and to watch the interests of his native town.
Venice fortified Padua with new walls, built between and , with a series of monumental gates. In the city then passed to the French puppet Kingdom of Italy until the fall of Napoleon , in , when the city became part of the newly formed Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia , part of the Austrian Empire. Austrian rule was unpopular with progressive circles in northern Italy, but the feelings of the population from the lower to the upper classes towards the empire were mixed.
The revolt was however short-lived, and there were no other episodes of unrest under the Austrian Empire nor previously had there been any , as in Venice or in other parts of Italy; while opponents of Austria were forced into exile.
Under Austrian rule, Padua began its industrial development; one of the first Italian rail tracks , Padua-Venice, was built in Annexed to Italy during , Padua was at the centre of the poorest area of Northern Italy , as Veneto was until the s. Despite this, the city flourished in the following decades both economically and socially, developing its industry, being an important agricultural market and having a very important cultural and technological centre as the University.
The city hosted also a major military command and many regiments. After the defeat of Italy in the battle of Caporetto in autumn , the front line was situated on the river Piave. However, the Italian military command did not withdraw. The city was bombed several times about civilian deaths. A year later, the threat to Padua was removed. The armistice was signed at Villa Giusti , Padua, on 3 November During the war, industry grew rapidly, and this provided Padua with a base for further post-war development.
In the years immediately following World War I, Padua developed outside the historical town, enlarging and growing in population, even if labor and social strife were rampant at the time. As in many other areas in Italy, Padua experienced great social turmoil in the years immediately following World War I. The city was shaken by strikes and clashes, factories and fields were subject to occupation, and war veterans struggled to re-enter civilian life.
Many supported a new political way, fascism. As in other parts of Italy, the National Fascist Party in Padua soon came to be seen as the defender of property and order against revolution. The city was also the site of one of the largest fascist mass rallies, with some , people reportedly attending one speech by Benito Mussolini. New buildings, in typical fascist architecture , sprang up in the city.
Examples can be found today in the buildings surrounding Piazza Spalato today Piazza Insurrezione , the railway station, the new part of City Hall, and part of the Bo Palace hosting the University. The city hosted the Ministry of Public Instruction of the new state, as well as military and militia commands and a military airport.
The Resistenza, the Italian partisans , was very active against both the new fascist rule and the Nazis. One of the main leaders of the Resistenza in the area was the University vice-chancellor Concetto Marchesi.
Padua was bombed several times by Allied planes. The worst hit areas were the railway station and the northern district of Arcella. During one of these bombings, the Church of the Eremitani , with frescoes by Andrea Mantegna , was destroyed, considered by some art historians to be Italy's biggest wartime cultural loss.
A small Commonwealth War Cemetery is located in the west part of the city, commemorating the sacrifice of these troops. After the war, the city developed rapidly, reflecting Veneto's rise from being the poorest region in northern Italy to one of the richest and most economically active regions of modern Italy.
Padua's historic core, includes numerous churches of significant architecture and arts. These include:. This tempera , Two Christians before the Judges , hangs in the city's Cathedral. Padua has long been acclaimed for its university , founded in Under the rule of Venice the university was governed by a board of three patricians, called the Riformatori dello Studio di Padova. It is also where, in , Elena Lucrezia Cornaro Piscopia became the first woman in the world to graduate from university.
The university hosts the oldest anatomy theatre , built in The university also hosts the oldest botanical garden in the world.
The botanical garden Orto Botanico di Padova was founded as the garden of curative herbs attached to the University's faculty of medicine. It still contains an important collection of rare plants. The place of Padua in the history of art is nearly as important as its place in the history of learning.
The presence of the university attracted many distinguished artists, such as Giotto , Fra Filippo Lippi and Donatello ; and for native art there was the school of Francesco Squarcione , whence issued Mantegna. Padua is also the birthplace of the celebrated architect Andrea Palladio , whose 16th-century villas country-houses in the area of Padua, Venice , Vicenza and Treviso are among the most notable of Italy and they were often copied during the 18th and 19th centuries; and of Giovanni Battista Belzoni , adventurer, engineer and egyptologist.
The sculptor Antonio Canova produced his first work in Padua, one of which is among the statues of Prato della Valle presently a copy is displayed in the open air, while the original is in the Musei Civici. It was built in by the Jesuit fathers and kept alive until Messori Roncaglia SJ, it became the center of the resistance movement against the Nazis. Indeed, it briefly survived P. Messori's death and was sold by the Jesuits in Paolo De Poli , painter and enamellist , author of decorative panels and design objects, 15 times invited to the Venice Biennale was born in Padua.
The electronic musician Tying Tiffany was also born in Padua. In , there were , people residing in Padua, located in the province of Padua, Veneto , of whom Minors children ages 18 and younger totalled This compares with the Italian average of The average age of Padua residents is 45 compared to the Italian average of In the five years between and , the population of Padua grew by 2.
As of [update] , People who swear it is essential also find french polishing to be an arcane and secretive art with many pitfalls. Yeah, it is if you use denatured alcohol and miraculously live long enough to master it. These die hards no pun intended are generally, but not exclusively, Americans who, separated by a large body of water from Europe, have managed to embroider an entire web of mythology around french polishing.
The Spanish guitar makers I learned from in the s thought I was joking when I told them Americans were using wood alcohol to polish just to avoid paying alcohol taxes. As far as they knew, Americans were supposed to be smart, so they found this hard to believe. They definitely knew what wood alcohol was though! You may note that it has some sugar. You may also notice some older french polish recipes call for sugar. What a surprise! Much less toxic, and organic means you are not getting glyphosate herbicides from GMO corn ethanol.
Also note: I would assume it was of GMO origin until you can find out from the manufacturer what it is distilled from. Does glyphosate get removed during distillation? Good question. As of , they could not yet answer this question. Isopropyl is not created from agricultural bi-products. I am assuming it is safer since it is sold as medical alcohol and for rubbing aka dry bathing, not as in furniture polish , but I cannot say for sure.
It wipes off. Will it come back under my finish? I have a Mali billiards stick whose butt end is made from Padauk wood…it is a gorgeous deep red-brown color and has held its beautiful color for over 30 years. I make crosses and trivets and they are beautiful. Padauk has very large open pores, so it would depend on what the cutting board is going to be used for.
This is our first time using this wood at the request of a customer and I am surprised at how red it turned out to be!
It is almost unbelievable, like they were stained, but this is natural. These have 2 coats of CA as a sealer and 12 coats of tru-oil.
I hope they stay this red! On the odor section, every time I have worked with Padauk, I have found it to have a very strong pepper-like scent, not a pleasing scent as the article suggests. I still love the wood though! A warning to anyone who incorporates padauk into a project that also includes a lighter colored wood such as maple. When choosing a finish, avoid shellac. The pigment in padauk is alcohol soluble and will bleed a pinkish smear all over the place.
I discovered this the hard way. This is very true. What I do is use a very light mix 1 pound cut of shellac, and pad it on very lightly for the first coat.
If you wipe along the direction of the wood edge, you should avoid smearing any coloration into the surrounding wood. Once the initial coats are dry, the wood should be sealed and you can then finish as usual. Both produced very fine saw dust the padauk will stain clothes… and cuts cleanly. Glued up with biscuit joints worked nicely.
I recently bought a piece of Padouk to make a guitar with. All timber will be exposed to the Cape Town elements. Does anyone think African Padauk will do the job. Paduak is an excellent outdoor wood in my opinion I expose the raw wood to new jersey weather for years with little problem, and it is available in large sizes however here in the US its difficult and expensive to get a hold of.
Looking at using padauk for decking on my sailboat. I keep the boat stored outside in Elliott Bay Marina in Seattle year around and sail often even in our rainy Seattle days. Curious as to this wood being able to withstand the sail spray and weather. I could make a cover to use while not sailing. Im probably late with this but here goes. I used a piece of padauk edge trimmed from a 4qtr board for a tiller extension. I planed the corners out with a krenov style jointer plane I built and worked into a 4 ft long semi round taper with a spokeshave for a tiller extension on my sloop.
Braided a turks head end cap, wrapped forward 10 in. A largish between 2 smaller. Oiled the bare remainder with interior watco and thats it. Needs oil again.
Its been on 3 yrs and has gotten very dark but who cares. The stuff dont warp,check or wind. Its bombproof. Most oily tropical woods are pretty resilient that way. The only thing that is for certain is that the sunlight is going to turn the padauk into a generic brown color very quickly, especially in your application.
I started building acoustic guitars a couple of years ago, the best so far has back and sides made from padauk. I used 6 hour epoxy as a sealer and pore filler, which, it turns out, kept the color a beautiful deep red.
It is brittle, loves to split, but will bend like cardboard for guitar sides if evenly heated to about degrees a little hotter than most guitar woods. The dust gets everywhere and will permanently stain clothes. This is the first guitar I built which I sold…. I think sealing would be a good idea. I am currently making an end grain cutting board from hard maple and pad auk. I chose the pad auk over Purple Heart because the end grain looked better.
After milling the padauk, I am not so sure. I found the saw dust extreme and am wondering if my selection of padauk was a good choice. Ian interested in any feedback or comments. I think it would be fine to use Padauk for a pepper mill. Very few woods are in and of themselves poisonous or toxic. Yew and Sassafras come to mind in this category. Also, I would stay away from spalted woods, which may have fungus or mold still present.
I understand the concern to finish the inside, but I think it may be overkill. The finish itself, being closed off in a small sealed container, may have more spoiling effects than the wood itself—especially if a slow-drying oil-based finish is used. I am contemplating turning a pepper mill from Padauk.
Is that wood safe to use here? If so, should I finish the inside and with what?
Padova - Wikitravel
Saint Anthony of Padua was a saint. Saint was born in in Lisbon. He passed away on June 13th, Rolandino was born in He breathed his last breath in Victor was born in The map shows the absolute popularity of the name Padua as a last name in each of the states.
See other popular names in California , Puerto Rico , or Hawaii. Toggle navigation. Name Poster. Last Name 3k in the U. On This Page. How to Pronounce Padua. Is this an accurate pronunciation?
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We noticed you have a microphone. If you know how to pronounce Padua, just click the button to record. We'll save it, review it, and post it to help others. Recordings from children under 18 are not allowed. Back to Top. Meaning and Origin What does the name Padua mean? Find out below. Origin and Meaning of Padua. Padua Means. Cited Source. We will review your submission shortly!
Other Dictionary Sources. A city in Veneto Synonyms: padova and patavium. From Italian Padova , from Latin Patavium. Province of Veneto, Italy. City and capital of the province of Padua. Marsilius Padua. Saint Justina of Padua. She holds the title Martyr. She died in Saint Daniel of Padua. He left this life in Rolandino of Padua. Victor De Padua.
Saint Felicitas of Padua. Where is the name Padua popular? View popular names by state or region. West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming. Popularity of Padua as a last name. Common first names for Padua Juan. Ethnicity Distribution. Ethnicity Padua U. Of Last Name Padua. Entire United States.
As a last name Padua was the 12, th most popular name in When was the first name Padua first recorded in the United States? How unique is the name Padua? From to less than 5 people per year have been born with the first name Padua. You are a unique individual. Weird things about the name Padua: Your name in reverse order is Audap. A random rearrangement of the letters in your name anagram will give Adupa. How do you pronounce that? How many people have the last name Padua?
In , the U. Census Bureau surveyed 2, people with the last name Padua. How likely are you to meet someone with the last name of Padua? Chances are, most people haven't met someone with Padua as their last name since less than 1 person in k people have that last name. If you know one, consider yourself lucky! Add Your Name. Name poster for Padua click to save the high quality version Back to Top. Sources: U. Other Dictionary Sources: WordNet 3.
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