Pa virgin hemlocks-Hemlock Trail - Laurel Hill State Park — Old-Growth Forest Network

The scenery here is spectacular with moss carpeting small rocks and boulders, the creek running wide and clear, and virgin hemlocks providing the final magic touch. The Hemlock Natural Area at the center of the Hemlock Trail loop contains outstanding ancient hemlocks. Along the upper loop of the trail are impressive black cherry, yellow birch, beech, maples, and oaks. Back Why old-growth forests? Origin story Our Team.

Farquhar, the great farm machinery manufacturer, philanthropist and writer of York, J. Demonstrations and classes on various crafts are presented throughout the summer and fall seasons for Pa virgin hemlocks and adults. They are single room log cabins Private madhouse law on Toms Run behind the park office. Pa virgin hemlocks many rare plants associated with sphagnum bogs. These areas are set aside to: Provide locations for scientific observation of natural systems Protect examples of typical and unique plant and animal communities. They provide places for scenic observation, protect special plant and animal communities and conserve outstanding examples of natural beauty. Nelson Wild Area consists of a single tract of 5, acres. Except for the remains of the logging railroad and quarrying, there is little evidence of man-made disturbance.

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Willamette National Forest [16]. State Toy proposed. Pollett's Cove [11]. An Official Pennsylvania Government Website. That section, plus the steep descent on rocks covered with slippery fallen leaves once we reached the Tuscarora trail, put us so far behind schedule despite having very generous time allowances that hwmlocks ended up camping at the shelter on the Tuscarora. Standing beside an ancient hemlock. Both are permanent streams Pa virgin hemlocks elevations below about feet West Fork and feet East Pa virgin hemlocks. Teacher workshops are available. Keystone Ancient Forest Preserve [13]. National Park Service.

The park is a heavily wooded area of rolling hills and mountains along the Clarion River in northwestern Pennsylvania.

  • The site contains many species that are uncommon at this latitude.
  • Description: The Tuscarora State Forest is probably one of the least popular hiking venues in the Keystone state yet it contains over 70 miles of good hiking trails.
  • The eastern hemlock Tsunga canadensis was designated official state tree of Pennsylvania in

The park is a heavily wooded area of rolling hills and mountains along the Clarion River in northwestern Pennsylvania. Cook Forest State Park is known for some of America's finest virgin white pine and hemlock timber stands and was once called the "Black Forest" due to the preponderance of evergreen tree coverage. They used this area as a hunting grounds; the land of Cook Forest was then purchased by the English.

Seneca Rock is still named after the first inhabitants, and the Paramount Pictures' film " Unconquered " was shot here in by Cecil B. John Cook was the first permanent American settler. He arrived in to determine the feasibility of building an east-to-west canal along the Clarion River for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

At the mouth of Tom's Run, now adjacent to the park office, John built his one-story cabin and the first of many water-driven sawmills. He worked his mills, logged with oxen, rafted logs to Pittsburgh and also engaged in flatboat building through the years.

Andrew's industry expanded, and he built the original Cook Forest Inn for his woodsmen's living quarters. Andrew erected three sawmills, one flouring mill, one planing mill , a boat scaffold, several dwellings and a store. Andrew also served as a judge and local bank president. About , he built the Cook Homestead now a bed and breakfast at the intersection of Route 36 and River Road.

Cook family descendants still inhabit many of the homes along River Road. After Andrew's death, the business was managed under A. Cook Sons Company. Cook home. Often there was heard no comment, for in this silent cathedral of the Almighty, it was unuttered. Frequently it was observed that sturdy men could not restrain their tears, at the solemnity of their environment. It was during this walk that A. In , McCreight and others formed the Pennsylvania Conservation Association [9] and successfully lobbied the legislature to consider Cook Forest for state park purposes.

For sixteen years a series of unsuccessful legislative bills were introduced for the state to acquire Cook Forest. In , the Cook Forest Association was formed for the purpose of acquiring the Cook Forest tract of virgin white pine and hemlock. On December 28, , the funds having been raised by the Cook Forest Association , the Secretary of the Department of Forests and Waters announced the formal purchase.

Cook Forest became the first Pennsylvania State Park acquired to preserve a natural landmark. Built in , a firetower was used to spot forest fires. While no longer in use, the public can still climb to the top of the stairs.

In addition, on rare occasions, the top spotting area will be opened by a guide to allow visitors a closer look. They are single room log cabins located on Toms Run behind the park office. The park is in the Allegheny Highlands forests ecoregion. Many of these ancient trees began growing after a drought and fire in The terrain is of rolling hills and cool valley streams.

Bikes are permitted on all one-way dirt roads within the park. Biking on hiking trails is not permitted except on the part of the Heffern Run Trail that is part of the Bicycle Route. All children under 12 years of age are required to wear a helmet when biking.

Bikes ridden at night must have a light on the bike. The Bicycle Route is The route is of moderate difficulty with long flat areas and rolling hills. Highlights of the route are a leisurely four-mile flat ride through scenic Tom's Run Valley, CCC-era red and white pine plantations along Forest Drive and a challenging descent along the Heffern Run Trail. A description of the Bicycle Route is available at the park office.

The swimming pool is permanently closed due to lack of funds to sustain it. Visitors may swim in the Clarion River across from the ranger station or anywhere along public park land.

Many local businesses provide canoeing and tubing along the relatively shallow and slow-moving river. Common game species are deer , wild turkey , bear , and squirrel. Hunting woodchucks , also known as groundhogs , is prohibited. Dog training is only permitted from the day following Labor Day to March 31 in designated hunting areas.

Contact the park office for accessible hunting information. The Clarion River flows along the park border and provides fishing for trout , warm-water game fish and panfish. Many visitors enjoy canoeing or kayaking down the river. There are also businesses that will rent you a canoe. About 2. A special fishing pond stocked with trout is by the park office and is available for use by children 12 and younger and people with a disability.

A level grass bank at the edge of the pond provides easy access. For complete information on fishing rules and regulations in Pennsylvania, visit the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission. Programs for all ages are offered March to December. Through hands-on activities, guided walks and evening programs, participants gain appreciation, understanding and develop a sense of stewardship toward natural and cultural resources.

Curriculum-based environmental education programs are available to schools and youth groups. Teacher workshops are available. Group programs must be scheduled in advance by calling the park office. A weekly interpretive schedule is available at the park office. The Historical Room displays logging and rafting tools, models and artifacts.

The fire tower is always open for climbing during daylight hours, and the booth at its top is occasionally opened by a ranger for exhibition; check at the park office for a schedule. A local, non-profit craft organization housed in the historic sawmill offers traditional crafts on display, a gift shop and classes. Demonstrations and classes on various crafts are presented throughout the summer and fall seasons for children and adults.

The Verna Leith Sawmill Theater seats people and presents plays , musicals and other entertainment throughout the summer season. The 24 rustic cabins rent from the second Friday in April to late December.

All cabins are minimally furnished. Each cabin has beds, mattresses, gas stove, refrigerator, and tables and chairs. Occupants must provide their own bedding, cookware and tableware. Alcoholic beverages and pets are not permitted. There are two cabin areas at Cook Forest. The River Cabins are on a hillside overlooking the Clarion River. Two River Cabins have one room and sleep four people and the other 11 River Cabins have four rooms, a fireplace and sleep six or eight people.

The Indian Cabins are along Tom's Run behind the park office. These smaller, one-room cabins sleep four people. Part of Ridge Campground is open year-round. Winter access is not guaranteed. Modern restrooms with showers are available late May through early October. The tent and trailer campsites have a picnic table and fire ring, and six sites are ADA accessible. There is a sanitary dump station and coin-operated laundry facilities.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. National Register of Historic Places. Historic district. Pennsylvania state historical marker. National Natural Landmark. See also: List of old growth forests. Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. August 2, Retrieved Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. National Park Service. July 9, Historical Marker Database. Retrieved December 20, Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Retrieved May 26, Farquhar, the great farm machinery manufacturer, philanthropist and writer of York, J.

Cook Forest Park Story p. Pennsylvania" PDF.

Continue straight on the Bowman trail. Keenan; Michael F. Eldorado National Forest [20]. Seasonal and annual variations in the quantities of nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium calcium and manganese reaching the forest floor as mast in Pennsylvania and Vermont forests. Graybill, D. Apalachicola National Forest [13]. Appalachian hemlock—northern hardwood forest.

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More information on these areas and landmarks is listed below. Park vistas on east and west rims overlook the scenic gorge that contains rare plants. Raymond B. The River Islands are 80 acres of seven different islands in the Delaware River containing natural plant communities and many rare plants.

Pine Swamp at French Creek State Park is 90 acres of acidic broadleaf swamp containing rare plant species. With characteristics such as vegetated sphagnum hummocks and mucky, water-filled channels. Tamarack Swamp is an outstanding example of a large headwater swamp occurring in a glacially blocked stream valley. The two bogs, rich in wetland vegetation and including rare species, are the finest examples of acid kettle hole bogs in glaciated northwestern Pennsylvania.

Tamarack Swamp is recognized as a National Natural Landmark. B ox Huckleberry site is one of the few localities where the unusual box huckleberry plant is found. Box huckleberry is one of the oldest living organisms in the world.

Both are recognized as National Natural Landmarks. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page. An Official Pennsylvania Government Website. State Parks. State Forests. Find a Trail.

Find Local Park. Page Content. Natural Areas and National Natural Landmarks A N atural Area is an area within a state park of unique scenic, geologic, or ecological value which will be maintained in a natural condition by allowing physical and biological processes to operate usually without direct human intervention.

These areas are set aside to: Provide locations for scientific observation of natural systems Protect examples of typical and unique plant and animal communities. Protect outstanding examples of natural interest and beauty. The Black Moshannon Bogs at Black Moshannon State Park are wetlands adjacent to the southwest arm of the lake comprise the finest reconstructed bog in Pennsylvania.

Includes many rare plants associated with sphagnum bogs. Mud Run is 1, acres with a remote mountain stream filled with a viable native trout population, lined with rhododendron and eastern hemlock, buffered by mature hardwood forest.

Deciduous forest of eastern North America. The Blakiston Company, Philadelphia. Cope, T. A preliminary survey of the flora and fauna of the East Tionesta virgin forest, Pennsylvania. Forest Leaves Observations on the vertebrate ecology of some Pennsylvania virgin forests. Thesis for Ph. Davis, M. Old-growth in the East: a preliminary overview. Earth First! Flynn, F. A forest for the trees. Mid-Atlantic Country Oct. Forbes, R.

The thousanth acre. Forests , illus. Fox, J. Alternation and coexistence of tree species. Naturalist, Graybill, D. Forest resources and ingestion rates of Tamias striatus populations. Thesis, Univ. Snyder, C. Tyron, and R. Seasonal and annual variations in the quantities of nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium calcium and manganese reaching the forest floor as mast in Pennsylvania and Vermont forests.

Howe, J. Gentry, and M. Smith eds. Grisez, T. The rate of value increase for black cherry, red maple, and white ash.

Forest Serv. Held, M. Basal area and climax status in mesic forest systems. Annals of Botany Hirst, J. Thesis, Doctor of Philosophy, 32 pp. Hough, A. Virgin forest in Pennsylvania yields research results. Forest Worker 9 2 Natural enemies of the forest. Forest Leaves 24 1 The dying of hemlock and other species of the Allegheny National Forest. A climax forest community on East Tionesta Creek in north-western Pennsylvania. Ecology Height growth of hemlock and hardwood seedlings in a virgin stand on East Tionesta Creek.

Forest Ser. Allegheny National Forest Expt. Note 12, 2pp. Tionesta Forest formally set aside. Forests Natural area established in northwestern Pennsylvania virgin forest. Tionesta area set aside. Nature Mag. The Tionesta Natural and Scenic Area. Chronica Botanica. Soils in a virgin hemlock-beech forest on the northern Allegheny Plateau. Soil Science Soil factors and stand history in a virgin forest valley of the northern Allegheny Plateau.

Persistence of eastern hemlock and American beech in a virgin forest on the Allegheny Plateau. Box , Warren, PA A twenty-year record of understory vegetational change in a virgin Pennsylvania forest.

Hough A. The ecology and silvics of forests in the high plateaus of Pennsylvania. Ecological Monographs Long, Zachary T. Carson; Chris J. Can disturbance create refugia from herbivores: an example with hemlock regeneration on treefall mounds.

Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 2 Lull, Howard W. Humus depth in the Northeast. Forestry Mendel, J. Grisez, and G. Trimble, Jr. The rate of value increase for sugar maple.

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The map created by people like you! Upload a photo. Once called the "Black Forest," the area is famous for its stands of old growth forest.

A National Natural Landmark, Cook Forest's "Forest Cathedral" contains white pine and hemlock that tower to well over feet, including the Longfellow Pine, measured by plumb and tape measure at feet 11 inches. The Clarion River on the park's east border is popular for canoeing and rafting. The park itself has over 30 miles of hiking trails through this spectacular and special ancient forest.

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