Mononucleosis, infectious mononucleosis, or "mono," refers to a group of symptoms that affect some people, most commonly after infection with the Epstein-Barr virus. Mono is also known as glandular fever. Many do not develop symptoms of mono, but they become carriers. Symptoms can vary between age groups. In young children, any symptoms that appear tend to be mild.
Learn more about treating mono. Mononucleosis Spot Test. The virus that causes mono is transmitted through saliva, so you can get it through kissing, but you can also be exposed through a cough or sneeze, or Corpural spanking sharing a glass or food utensils with someone who has mono. Symptoms Synptoms of mono the kissing disease mononucleosis usually last for 1 to 4 weeks, but it might take as long as 2 months before you feel well enough to resume all of your normal activities. Mononucleosis may cause enlargement of the spleen. Some of the causes of swollen lymph nodes include an ear infection…. Swollen lymph nodes all over the body, especially the lymph nodes in the neck.
Real live moms test. More on this topic for:
FDA alerts. Cytomegalovirus is most commonly transmitted through kissing and sexual intercourse. Cambridge University Press. The exact length of time between infection and symptoms is unclear. Newsletter Wellness, Meet Inbox. The virus replicates first within epithelial cells in the pharynx which causes pharyngitisor sore throatand later primarily within B cells which are invaded via their CD Another major Synptoms of mono the kissing disease is feeling tired. Glandular Santas porn grils, Pfeiffer's disease, Filatov's disease,  kissing disease. Though aspirin is approved for use in children older than age 3, children and teenagers recovering from chickenpox or flu-like symptoms should never take aspirin. Sometimes your doctor will request a complete blood count.
Mononucleosis, also known as "mono," is an infectious disease that is usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus a herpes virus.
- As such, the illness is known to affect many a teenager; but it can also be passed on by sharing drinks and food with people.
- While usually caused by Epstein—Barr virus, also known as human herpesvirus 4, which is a member of the herpes virus family ,  a few other viruses may also cause the disease.
- This material must not be used for commercial purposes, or in any hospital or medical facility.
- Mono is known to plague us more during our experimental years.
- Mono, or infectious mononucleosis, refers to a group of symptoms usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus EBV.
- Your doctor may suspect mononucleosis based on your signs and symptoms, how long they've lasted and a physical examination.
Mononucleosis, infectious mononucleosis, or "mono," refers to a group of symptoms that affect some people, most commonly after infection with the Epstein-Barr virus. Mono is also known as glandular fever. Many do not develop symptoms of mono, but they become carriers. Symptoms can vary between age groups. In young children, any symptoms that appear tend to be mild. In teenagers and young adults, however, they can be more severe.
However, the symptoms vary widely between different age groups, and viral shedding can persist for a median of 6 months. People aged 15 to 24 years are most likely to develop the classic symptoms of mono. They also tend to have the most severe symptoms. Symptoms often last 2 to 4 weeks, but they can persist for longer.
Fever, sore throat, and other common symptoms may last for several days and then gradually get better. If kissing is a factor in spreading mono, it may be that the higher levels of saliva exchange lead to more severe symptoms. Another theory is that younger children gradually build up an immunity to the virus if they are exposed from a lower age, as often happens in developing countries.
In developed countries, a person is less likely to be exposed to EBV during infancy and young childhood. An adolescent with no previous exposure to the virus may be more vulnerable, as their immune system is less able to repel the attack. Children often do not have classic symptoms, or they have mild symptoms that are confused with a common cold or the flu. It is unclear how they get the virus. One possiblity is that parents, as carriers, pass the virus on to their children when it reactivates and sheds.
The amount of virus spread from a parent's past infection may be lower, causing fewer, milder symptoms in a child. If a child has mild mono symptoms, a parent may think this is a cold or flu, especially if fever and a sore throat are the main symptoms.
A study published in Age and Ageing states that mono is less common in adults aged over 40 years. Adults may not experience the classic symptoms of red throat and swollen glands. Instead, liver problems may occur. A fever with liver inflammation can make mono harder to spot in this age group. Muscle aches may also be more common in this group. Mono is easily confused with other illnesses, so people are advised to contact a doctor if they notice any unknown or worrisome symptoms.
Those with symptoms of a ruptured spleen should seek emergency care immediately. In a teenager or young adult with classic symptoms, a doctor can easily diagnose mono through a physical examination. However, symptoms can be less obvious in younger children and older adults, so additional testing may be needed. Blood tests can identify whether or not a person has had a recent or past infection with EBV.
Mono is a virus, so antibiotics cannot treat it. Infectious mononucleosis , also known as glandular fever, can emerge as a result of infection with EBV, or herpes virus 4. Many people are infected with EBV but never experience symptoms of mono, or the symptoms are very mild, and similar to those of another common illness, such as a cold or flu.
Adolescents and young adults are most likely to have noticeable symptoms, and mono is common among college students. Even in a person with no symptoms, the virus can be active or reactivated at a later date. When it is active, symptoms may or may not appear, and the virus can be passed on to another person. This person may develop symptoms of mono. While EBV is the most common cause of mono, other infections can cause mono symptoms.
Mono is often called the "kissing disease," but it is not only spread by kissing. Sharing drinks, toothbrushes, or a plate of food can spread it. It can also be passed on through breast milk, other bodily floods such as blood or semen, or through blood transfusions. The consquences are not usually serious, but the symptoms can be debilitating while they last, and it can take a long time to recover, especially from the fatigue.
Many people contract the virus during childhood and never notice any symptoms. Once the virus enters the body, it stays there forever, and it can occasionally reactivate at a later time. The reactivated virus can spread to others through saliva, so a person can catch mono from someone who has no signs of illness. Mono is most common between the age of 15 and 35 years. Most people will not have it a second time.
The incubation period for mono is 4 to 8 weeks. During this period, from the time of infection until symptoms appear, a person is contagious. They appear healthy, but they can spread mono to others. When symptoms emerge, they may be severe for a few days, then gradually get milder. The person usually recovers in 2 to 4 weeks , but the fatigue can last for several weeks or months. Serious complications are rare, but 0. This can be fatal. A blow to the abdomen near the spleen may cause a swollen spleen to rupture.
For this reason, athletes should avoid contact sports for at least 3 to 4 weeks after getting mono. If mono causes liver problems, jaundice may occur. The whites of the eyes or the skin appear yellow. In most cases, the liver inflammation will improve on its own as the body clears the infection. These problems are rare. They are more likely in a person with a weakened immune system, due, for example, to HIV or AIDS , some kinds of cancer treatment, or having had an organ transplant.
Mono symptoms may interfere with life for several days or weeks, but most people recover without any long-term problems. Managing symptoms with self-care and rest is often the best way to deal with mono. Glandular fever is a viral infection that is common among teenagers, young adults, and college students.
Not everyone will develop symptoms, but some…. Infectious mononucleosis, also called glandular fever or mono, is a viral disease that spreads through kissing. Early symptoms are similar to those of…. Every human on the planet has microbes living in their body.
While bacteria get a bad reputation, many can promote good health. Probiotics are a type…. The Epstein-Barr virus is a type of herpes virus.
It is very common, and because the symptoms are quite general, a doctor may order an Epstein-Barr…. Infection refers to an invasion of the body by harmfulmicroorganisms or parasites. Infections range from mild swelling to fatal conditions.
Symptoms Treatment Causes Timeline Complications Prevention Outlook Mononucleosis, infectious mononucleosis, or "mono," refers to a group of symptoms that affect some people, most commonly after infection with the Epstein-Barr virus. The consequences of mono are rarely serious. We picked linked items based on the quality of products, and list the pros and cons of each to help you determine which will work best for you.
We partner with some of the companies that sell these products, which means Healthline UK and our partners may receive a portion of revenues if you make a purchase using a link s above.
Latest news Researchers activate problem-solving during sleep. New technology better controls type 1 diabetes. Does sunlight change our gut microbiome? Cancer care: Are personalized exercise prescriptions the future? How do gut microbes help mice extinguish fear memories? How to recognize and treat an infected wound.
Sore throat and rash: Strep infection and other causes. What causes recurrent cold sores? Herpes simplex: Everything you need to know. Related Coverage. Glandular fever: What to know Glandular fever is a viral infection that is common among teenagers, young adults, and college students. What is mono and should I worry about it? Probiotics: Health benefits, facts, and research Every human on the planet has microbes living in their body.
Everything you need to know about infections Infection refers to an invasion of the body by harmfulmicroorganisms or parasites.
Main article: Heterophile antibody test. Mononucleosis: Can it recur? The majority of people who have mono recover within 2 to 4 weeks. Students need to let their schools know they are recovering from mononucleosis and may need special considerations to keep up with their work. Mononucleosis Medically reviewed by Drugs.
Synptoms of mono the kissing disease. 1. Sore Throat
Infectious mononucleosis - Wikipedia
Infectious mononucleosis mono is often called the kissing disease. The virus that causes mono is transmitted through saliva, so you can get it through kissing, but you can also be exposed through a cough or sneeze, or by sharing a glass or food utensils with someone who has mono.
However, mononucleosis isn't as contagious as some infections, such as the common cold. You're most likely to get mononucleosis with all the signs and symptoms if you're an adolescent or young adult. Young children usually have few symptoms, and the infection often goes unrecognized.
If you have mononucleosis, it's important to be careful of certain complications such as an enlarged spleen. Rest and adequate fluids are keys to recovery. The virus has an incubation period of approximately four to six weeks, although in young children this period may be shorter. Signs and symptoms such as a fever and sore throat usually lessen within a couple of weeks, but fatigue, enlarged lymph nodes and a swollen spleen may last for a few weeks longer.
The most common cause of mononucleosis is the Epstein-Barr virus, but other viruses can also cause similar symptoms. Although the symptoms of mononucleosis are uncomfortable, the infection resolves on its own without long-term effects. Most adults have been exposed to the Epstein-Barr virus and have built up antibodies.
Therefore, they're immune and won't get mononucleosis. The spleen is a small organ normally about the size of your fist.
A number of conditions, including liver disease and some cancers, can cause your spleen to become enlarged. Mononucleosis may cause enlargement of the spleen. In extreme cases, your spleen may rupture, causing sharp, sudden pain in the left side of your upper abdomen. If such pain occurs, seek medical attention immediately — you may need surgery.
Mononucleosis is spread through saliva. If you're infected, you can help prevent spreading the virus to others by not kissing them and by not sharing food, dishes, glasses and utensils until several days after your fever has subsided — and even longer, if possible.
The Epstein-Barr virus may persist in your saliva for months after the infection. No vaccine exists to prevent mononucleosis. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version.
This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview Infectious mononucleosis mono is often called the kissing disease. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Enlarged spleen The spleen is a small organ normally about the size of your fist.
More Information Mononucleosis: Can it recur? Share on: Facebook Twitter. Show references AskMayoExpert. Epstein-Barr virus infection. Rochester, Minn. Sullivan JL. Clinical manifestations and treatment of Epstein-Barr virus infection. Accessed Oct. Aronson MD, et al. Infectious mononucleosis in adults and adolescents. Epstein-Barr virus and infectious mononucleosis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Infectious mononucleosis.
Merck Manual Professional Version. Reye's syndrome information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Accessed Aug. Steckelberg JM expert opinion. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Related Mononucleosis and Epstein-Barr: What's the connection? Mononucleosis: Can it recur? Mayo Clinic Marketplace Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic.