Here we look at what that means for seafarers — both in terms of what to wear onboard ship, but even more so ashore. Seafaring began as a commercial pursuit, and so merchant sailors far pre-dated their militaristic brethren in the Navy. But what of the uniforms and clothes which seafarers wore back in the day, and what about current trends? It was granted by King George V after the First World War to recognise the contribution made by merchant sailors, as opposed to those on Royal Navy vessels. While the military has always gone big on uniforms, the commercial service not so much.
A slightly less Shipw source of uniforms was S. Badges issued by Canada. The frock also featured unlike the suit which was single-breasted double breasted lapels that could be worn either buttoned back or worn buttoned across the chest to protect the wearer from the elements. I could be seasick on a lake, so this was interesting to read, as I would never have been any good in any navy. There were three major purveyors of Unicorms
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The Service Dress White jumper is actually derived from the former Undress White, with its wide cuff-less Uniforms ships officers and no piping. Masters —Blue with lappels, round cuff, blue breeches, and officrs waistcoats. Navy Hispanic Americans in the U. Main article: Navy Working Uniform. The officer is the same rank regardless of Uniforms ships officers uniform they wear, but sometimes the occasion officdrs the style of dress. The distinctive white collar Penis pillw ontario of the midshipman first appeared in FromArmy battledress was approved for use by Royal Navy personnel untilwhen a I need some latin words translated Blue version of battledress was introduced to be used only by the Royal Navy. A nametag may be worn above the right pocket, and rank insignia is worn on the collar. Add a comment. In the Tropicsofficers wear on formal occasions a short sleeved white bush jacket with an open collar; matching trousers; peaked cap; and white leather shoes. April 20, Names could also be reinforced with embroidered thread of the appropriate color on both the pants and shirt. Retrieved March 31,
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- At the outbreak of the American Revolution in , there were no warships available for use by the revolting colonists, but Americans had had long experience in maritime affairs.
- The uniforms of the United States Navy include dress uniforms, daily service uniforms, working uniforms, and uniforms for special situations, which have varied throughout the history of the navy.
- The uniforms of the Royal Navy have evolved gradually since the first uniform regulations for officers were issued in
Shorts will not be worn, but the wearing of shorts in cargo ships is left to the discretion of the Commander. Nick Messinger, First Officer ss Chusan It's difficult to ascertain, with any accuracy, the identity of the person who designed this uniform - obviously, he never had to wear it himself. On board some ships, it was amusingly referred to as the 'ice cream suit.
Prior to the invention of collar attached shirts, it necessitated the wearing of a heavily starched cutaway stiff collar, which only added to the wearer's acute discomfort. On an open bridge, steaming down the Red Sea with a following breeze and breathless humidity, it was nigh on unbearably uncomfortable.
Fortunately, salt tablets were provided by the Company. Known for the sartorial elegance of his wardrobe, and having given his name to the Windsor knot.
Captain Browning and Officers of the ss Maloja, Aboard the Cruising Yacht Vectis of , h er Officers are wearing Royal Navy style frock coats, with eight gold buttons, cap badges and rank insignia, worn as shoulder straps, as follows The Commander - straps of half-inch gold lace on each shoulder and three gold buttons on each of his cuffs;.
T he Chief Officer - a strap of similar gold lace on the right shoulder and three gold buttons on the cuffs;. T he Second Officers - just the three cuff buttons. The Junior Officers - no shoulder straps or cuff buttons. Similarly, shoulder straps were replaced with shoulder boards, or epaulettes, with 'four-and-aft' gold stripes. These changes marked the end of an era, and a history dating back over one hundred and twenty-five years. On joining the Company, a major expense was the purchase of uniforms and kit.
RNR Cadets, Midshipmen and Lieutenants had the advantage here, as their naval uniforms, supplied by the Admiralty at no cost, could be modified, simply by removing collar patches and cuff braid, in exchange for cheaper! There were three major purveyors of uniforms Founded in , the quintessential British luxury brand for a gentleman, Gieves has over two centuries of trading history, and for over years has resided at its iconic London address, No.
The company's lineage is remarkable; in the very beginning, Melchisedek Meredith owned a tailor shop in Portsmouth, where he became famous for military uniforms.
His pedigree was impeccable,for he had crafted the uniform worn by Admiral Lord Nelson when he was killed in action at the Battle of Trafalgar in In , the business was sold to Joseph Galt, and James Gieve joined as a partner 11 years later. He died just a year afterwards and his two sons, James W. In the following decade, Gieves received a number of Royal Warrants and established their premises in two different locations on Bond Street.
A slightly less expensive source of uniforms was S. They also acted as shipping agents, and as suppliers of uniforms to both Worcester and Conway cadets - the company effectively gaining the advantage of a captive clientele as the cadets graduated and joined the Merchant and Royal Navies.
By this time, it had added branches in Paris and Rotterdam and a manufacturing operation in Liverpool. Government an alteration is being made in the Company's Regulations as to uniforms whereby all gold lace straps worn on the shoulder are to be one quarter inch width instead of a half inch as heretofore and all gold lace stripes worn round the cuff are to be half inch instead of three quarters of an inch as at present'. In the same month a full reprint of the Uniform Regulations was included in the Book of Regulations incorporating this amendment and for the first time the rank of Inspecting Purser appears.
This important person was to wear two quarter inch straps on the left shoulder, half an inch apart, on a white ground whilst the Purser continued to wear one strap only. In July, a further interesting amendment was made when the Engineers' cap substituted a black mohair band for the inch and a quarter gold lace band previously worn.
Williams, Assistant Purser. By the Frock Coat was fast losing popularity and in the September of that year the Directors issued a circular stating that 'the Frock Coat need not in future be insisted on'.
Thereafter it was permissible for Officers to wear Reefer Coat for Full Dress but doubtless the whole subject of Full Dress had, in any event, been in abeyance throughout the War. Fox, Commander. The stripes were originally of half inch gold lace on blue uniforms and black mohair on white uniforms, but in the width was reduced and with the passage of time and the wearing of short sleeve shirts, the black mohair stripes had disappeared and were replaced by Naval pattern shoulder straps with appropriate merchant Navy Rank insignia.
It was hoped by those responsible for the introduction of this Standard Uniform that its adoption would become general throughout the Merchant Service and those Companies having their own uniforms were expected to encourage their Officers to wear the new uniform. Please note that we wish this matter to be left entirely at the option of Members of the Crew.
Rhodes, Commander, ss Mongolia The amended page of Uniform Regulations issued in October had the addition of the Reefer Coat which was to be of 'Blue Cloth or Serge, Double breasted, to button four' and the three cuff buttons previously worn by Senior Officers were dropped.
Other minor alterations included a reduction in the number of waistcoat buttons from eight to six. By January when full details of Uniform Regulations were again to appear, there was no reference to the Frock Coat and the only coat referred to was to be of 'Blue Cloth, Navy pattern, D. Four Company's buttons. Further Regulations issued in January enlarged the quarter inch gold lace to three quarter inch prior to it had only been half inch for Commanders, Chief Officers, Surgeons and Pursers, the Inspecting Purser had two stripes of five-eighths inch lace but more importantly it introduced at last a rank marking for Junior Navigating Officers and Pursers.
The Third Officer wore one such row of gold lace There was no longer any reference to Fifth Officers and the Assistant Purser was given the same as the Fourth Officer, but on a white background, and it was to be worn on the left shoulder. These Regulations brought a change in caps too. The Commander hereafter wore gold leaf embroidered round the outside edge of his peak in place of the 'plain gold embroidery' which had made him look rather like a station master.
The introduction of two stripes for the Second Officer and one for the Third Officer was undoubtedly the influence of the Standard Merchant Navy uniform. Junior Engineer c For the first time too, other Engineers were given distinction lace, two stripes for the Third Engineer and one for the Fourth.
M ore important was the introduction at last of a colour for the Engineers who were to follow the Naval custom of wearing purple between the stripes on their cuffs.
Another interesting point concerning this amendment is that there is no reference to Inspecting Pursers who do not appear again! The building of larger ships, in particular the Viceroy of India in , Strathaird in , and Strathnaver in , brought about the additional ranks of Staff Commander, First Officer and Deputy Purser for whom provision had to be made in respect of their uniforms.
To be worn on each shoulder. The Staff Commander was to wear the stripe on each shoulder without the sun, as previously worn by the Commander. First Officer. Whether this was the first time these new rank markings were actually instituted is not known, because they may have been promulgated earlier by a Circular or by word of mouth. A number of shipping companies have continued to wear 'Battle Dress' and in many cases it has superseded the blue 'patrol jacket and trousers' which was so common in the Merchant Service between the wars.
Mess Undress - mess jacket, plain navy blue mess trousers, blue waistcoat or black cummerbund, black bow tie. Today, m ess dress and mess undress are worn with a soft marcella -fronted shirt with a soft collar.
In some ships, stiffly starched 'boiled shirts' with stiff wing collars were worn with all forms of evening dress, but had been phased out by A s in the Royal Navy, the utilitarian duffel coat of the war years replaced the expensive and rather impracticable Naval Bridge Coat. It was before further serious thought was again given to uniforms and the amendments then issued introduced many important changes.
Henceforth all Officers, regardless of Department, were to wear the full cap badge, consisting of the Rising Sun and the Anchor which latter had previously been the prerogative of the Navigating Officers, and the Company's distinctive shoulder straps were to be worn on both shoulders.
S enior officers' shoulder straps underwent considerable modification, with the discarding of the single large gold stripe, and Chief Officers, Surgeons and Pursers received three rows of nine-sixteenth inch gold navy lace across the centre of the strap, three-eighths of an inch apart, each with their own departmental colour beneath and as stated above they were to be worn on both shoulders.
The First Officer, Assistant Surgeon and Deputy Purser received similar treatment except that their middle row was to be of only quarter inch lace, giving the effect of 'two and a half' stripes. In the immediate pre-war period braid was not worn on the cuff by ratings and only the most senior had anything but a plain uniform. The Chief Steward then wore three gold stars on each cuff and his immediate juniors, the 2nd and 3rd Stewards had two and one star respectively, whilst all other Leading Hands wore only blue enamel badges on their breast pockets stating their function.
In January, however, silver braid was introduced for all Leading Hands with the exception of passenger ship Chief Stewards who were to wear three zig-zag gold stripes. Cargo ship Chief Stewards and 2nd Stewards in passenger ships each received three half inch silver stripes and 3rd Stewards two such stripes, whilst other Senior Leading Hands acquired 'one and a half' silver stripes.
Junior Leading Hands wore only a quarter inch stripe on their cuffs. This remained unchanged until , except that cargo ship Chief Stewards now wore two zig-zag gold stripes in place of three silver ones, and with the granting of Officers' status to Chief Stewards, together with introduction of the full cap badge for all Officers they wore the gold Rising Sun and Anchor. It was somewhere about this time too, that a small but significant alteration was ordered to the cap badge.
For more years than are recorded the Rising Sun of the Officers' cap badge had displayed a 'face' consisting of eyes, nose and mouth, but from this time it began to disappear and badges were made without the face. Commodore D C O Baillie in By another amendment of the same date, the Surgeon of a cargo ship had his three stripes reduced to two, similar treatment to that meted out to Assistant Surgeons of passenger ships in the previous year.
Nursing Sisters and Children's Hostesses both wore a blue dress with an Officer's cap badge on the left breast, but only the former wear a white veil. In place of the blue braid worn by their naval counterparts, they wore a single gold stripe one eighth of an inch in width on the cuff over a white background to denote their Department. In September , their title was changed to Woman Assistant Pursers and the cuff braid replaced by the shoulder straps worn by assistant Pursers of the same seniority.
Marconi Radio Officer c This rank which was granted to Assistant Pursers of five years' seniority, brought the Purser's Department more into line with the other Departments.
In the Commander's title was changed to Captain, with uniforms remaining unchanged, until the amalgamation with the Orient Line and the introduction of Purser Cadets, with their white twist and button on a white collar patch. This is a work in progress, and photographs and further information would be much appreciated - particularly regarding female staff, catering staff, stewards, stewardesses, hostesses, etc E-mail: nick.
Actually the Americans serving under Jones at this time were in the minority for the crews included men from many other countries, some being British and East Indian. Masters —Blue with lappels, round cuff, blue breeches, and red waistcoats. Print Friendly. As of , flight suits may now be worn off base in the same manner as the Navy Working Uniform. Retrieved On all other ceremonial occasions, Frock Coat with epaulettes was prescribed. The material is generally wool or a wool blend, depending on the vendor.
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Yacht Club Uniforms, Commodore Uniforms, Captain's Uniforms, Epaulets, Flags.
Here we look at what that means for seafarers — both in terms of what to wear onboard ship, but even more so ashore. Seafaring began as a commercial pursuit, and so merchant sailors far pre-dated their militaristic brethren in the Navy. But what of the uniforms and clothes which seafarers wore back in the day, and what about current trends? It was granted by King George V after the First World War to recognise the contribution made by merchant sailors, as opposed to those on Royal Navy vessels.
While the military has always gone big on uniforms, the commercial service not so much. So when did the traditional uniform first appear? Well it is actually surprisingly late. It has been recorded that one captain had worn a plain black tailcoat and a white top hat.
Which, while sounding quite dapper, is not what you might expect. From the s onwards, there was a growth in global trade — and this meant more passengers being carried too. While traditionally commercial seafarers were never required to wear a uniform, they came into popular culture when the shipping companies which carried passengers started using systems of stripes and badges.
A trend which spread far and wide. Gold bars and colours on epaulettes to denote who did what, and at what level. However, there was no official uniform of the Merchant Navy until one was introduced by the British Board of Trade in The uniforms then reflected not simply rank onboard, but of the responsibilities too. With gold bars and colours on epaulettes to denote who did what, and at what level. Up until the late s the trend had been for seafarers to usually wear uniform — but then as the 80s came around, as vessels flagged out from traditional closed registries — then the formality tended to fall away too.
Today most merchant seafarers are unlikely to wear a uniform — while cruise and passenger vessels have retained the uniform approach. The role of insignia, emblems, buttons and cap badges is returning back to whence it came, as a means of passengers knowing who is who. On most other types of commercial vessels, the focus is on operational matters…and so the boilersuit is the more usual uniform. While for ease many bridge watchkeepers and masters may make use of a simple white pilot shirt and black trousers, just to look smart but without having to pack too many clothes to take away.
As vessels tended to do away with strict communal areas, then the need for uniforms has fallen away too. Without a bar area, without a formal dinner service. Then there has not been much need for uniforms. It is perhaps understandable that the industry is moving more towards functional clothing over the elaborate hierarchical epaulettes and hats. But as with so many things, could this trend be having some unintended consequences?
Are seafarers who dress down likely to bring their performance down too? Obviously seafaring is not the only profession with a uniform. From airline pilots in their white shirts, to police, and even shop girls in their tabards. All have to wear something which promotes a sense of themselves in a role.
Very often today the ubiquitous branded polo shirt is the badge of office across so many different types of roles. But does having a uniform help performance? Studies on the subject indicate both positive and negative effects of the way uniforms in the workplace affect performance and productivity. The benefits which uniforms can bring include:. This is useful in a shop…but not overly so onboard ship anymore.
Only pilots and stevedores are likely to see them, so it can be seen as overkill. However, a uniform can translate into a greater sense of loyalty toward the company, and a sense of pride. This can elevate levels of employee performance.
Merchant navy uniforms provide a sense of the hierarchical system onboard, and so there is a united, but also an aspirational element too. There is a sense of pride, but so too of purpose when dressing in a smart uniform. Being a seafarer is all about being away from home. Usually that is ok, we learn to cope.
During the holiday season the pain and pressure can intensify — so what is it like to be away from home at special times and how can you cope? As part of our Seafarers Issues series we have looked into issues of mental health and welfare. We look at how it affects. While the world is considered a small place — we even call it the global village, there are many different types of people which seafarers meet at sea.
So how do differing cultures affect life onboard and safety? Just how do you fulfil your potential and develop yourself and career? What To Wear? Military Uniforms. Boiler suits are now used.