Enlargement of the prostate-BPH: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Complications

The prostate is a small, muscular gland in the male reproductive system. Your prostate surrounds your urethra and makes most of the fluid in your semen. The muscular action of the prostate helps propel the fluid and semen through your penis during sexual climax. In many men, the prostate can become enlarged. Sometimes it leads to symptoms and, over time, other complications.

Enlargement of the prostate

Enlargement of the prostate

Mayo Clinic does not Enlargement of the prostate companies or products. It is the most common type of surgery for an enlarged prostate. HoLEP may be particularly useful in men with a very large prostate. Simple prostatectomy : It is a procedure to remove the inside part of proetate prostate gland. Eat plenty of foods containing fibre — such as fruit, vegetables and wholemeal bread — to avoid constipation.

Girl suckiung penis. Effects of an enlarged prostate

DO NOT drink a lot of fluid all at once. Shreadded babes protect the urethra from heat damage. The position in relation to the urethra is more important than the actual size. You take medicines that may cause urinary problems, such as diuretics, antihistamines, Enlargement of the prostate, or sedatives. A few small cuts are made in the prostate gland to Enlargement of the prostate the prostate's pressure on the urethra, making urination easier. Suprapubic prostatectomy may be used to treat enlarged prostate BPH. Taking a personal and family medical history is one of the first things a health care provider may do to help diagnose benign prostatic hyperplasia. Try NOT to take over-the-counter cold and sinus medicines that contain decongestants or antihistamines. Method 2. Less than half of all men with BPH have symptoms of the disease. Inas many as 14 million men in the United States had lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia. During Model glue non toxic TUIP, the urologist inserts a cystoscope and an instrument that uses an electric current or a laser beam through the urethra to reach the prostate. The choice of which surgical procedure is recommended is most often based on the severity of your symptoms and the size and shape of your prostate gland.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH — also called prostate gland enlargement — is a common condition as men get older.

  • If trips to the restroom require sudden dashes or are marked by difficulty urinating, your prostate may be enlarged.
  • Many men will experience an enlarged prostate in their lifetime.
  • The prostate is a walnut-shaped gland that wraps around the urethra , the tube that urine flows out of.
  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia—also called BPH—is a condition in men in which the prostate gland is enlarged and not cancerous.
  • The prostate is a gland that produces the fluid that carries sperm during ejaculation.
  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH — also called prostate gland enlargement — is a common condition as men get older.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH — also called prostate gland enlargement — is a common condition as men get older. An enlarged prostate gland can cause uncomfortable urinary symptoms, such as blocking the flow of urine out of the bladder. It can also cause bladder, urinary tract or kidney problems.

There are several effective treatments for prostate gland enlargement, including medications, minimally invasive therapies and surgery. To choose the best option, you and your doctor will consider your symptoms, the size of your prostate, other health conditions you might have and your preferences.

The severity of symptoms in people who have prostate gland enlargement varies, but symptoms tend to gradually worsen over time. Common signs and symptoms of BPH include:. The size of your prostate doesn't necessarily determine the severity of your symptoms. Some men with only slightly enlarged prostates can have significant symptoms, while other men with very enlarged prostates can have only minor urinary symptoms.

If you're having urinary problems, discuss them with your doctor. Even if you don't find urinary symptoms bothersome, it's important to identify or rule out any underlying causes. Untreated, urinary problems might lead to obstruction of the urinary tract. At normal size, the prostate gland is about the size and shape of a walnut or golf ball. When enlarged, the prostate may obstruct urine flow from the bladder and out the urethra. The prostate gland is located beneath your bladder.

The tube that transports urine from the bladder out of your penis urethra passes through the center of the prostate. When the prostate enlarges, it begins to block urine flow. Most men have continued prostate growth throughout life. In many men, this continued growth enlarges the prostate enough to cause urinary symptoms or to significantly block urine flow.

It isn't entirely clear what causes the prostate to enlarge. However, it might be due to changes in the balance of sex hormones as men grow older. Most men with an enlarged prostate don't develop these complications. However, acute urinary retention and kidney damage can be serious health threats. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission.

This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview Benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH — also called prostate gland enlargement — is a common condition as men get older.

Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Comparing normal and enlarged prostate glands At normal size, the prostate gland is about the size and shape of a walnut or golf ball. Share on: Facebook Twitter. Show references Wein AJ, et al. Benign prostatic hyperplasia: Etiology, pathophysiology, epidemiology, and natural history. In: Campbell-Walsh Urology. Philadelphia, Pa. Accessed Sept. Prostate enlargement Benign prostatic hyperplasia. Management of benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH.

American Urological Association. Cunningham GR, et al. Clinical manifestations and diagnostic evaluation of benign prostatic hyperplasia.

Ferri FF. Benign prostatic hyperplasia. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor Wein AJ, et al. Evaluation and nonsurgical management of benign prostatic hyperplasia.

Townsend CM Jr, et al. Urologic surgery. Transurethral procedures for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia. Rochester, Minn. Brown A. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 13, Castle EP expert opinion. Minimally invasive and endoscopic management of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Foster HE, et al.

Surgical management of lower urinary tract symptoms attributed to benign prostatic hyperplasia: AUA guideline. The Journal of Urology. Magistro G, et al. Emerging minimally invasive treatment options for male lower urinary tract symptoms. European Urology. Related Ablation therapy Bladder outlet obstruction Comparing normal and enlarged prostate glands Computerized tomography CT urogram Cystoscopy Enlarged prostate: Does diet play a role?

CDT One size does not fit all in benign prostatic hyperplasia treatment Nov. Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. Learn more about this top honor. Mayo Clinic Marketplace Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic.

Lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia may include urinary frequency—urination eight or more times a day urinary urgency—the inability to delay urination trouble starting a urine stream a weak or an interrupted urine stream dribbling at the end of urination nocturia—frequent urination during periods of sleep urinary retention urinary incontinence —the accidental loss of urine pain after ejaculation or during urination urine that has an unusual color or smell Symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia most often come from a blocked urethra a bladder that is overworked from trying to pass urine through the blockage The size of the prostate does not always determine the severity of the blockage or symptoms. For long-term treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia, a urologist may recommend removing enlarged prostate tissue or making cuts in the prostate to widen the urethra. Most men with benign prostatic hyperplasia do not develop these complications. Transurethral incision of the prostate TUIP. Some facts about prostate enlargement: The likelihood of developing an enlarged prostate increases with age. Alpha blockers relax the smooth muscle around the bladder neck and within the urethra.

Enlargement of the prostate

Enlargement of the prostate

Enlargement of the prostate

Enlargement of the prostate. Diagnosing An Enlarged Prostate

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Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

The prostate is a small, muscular gland in the male reproductive system. Your prostate surrounds your urethra and makes most of the fluid in your semen. The muscular action of the prostate helps propel the fluid and semen through your penis during sexual climax.

In many men, the prostate can become enlarged. Sometimes it leads to symptoms and, over time, other complications. However, there are treatments. Enlargement of the prostate is called benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH.

It occurs when the cells of the prostate gland begin to multiply. These additional cells cause your prostate gland to swell, which squeezes the urethra and limits the flow of urine. However, it can cause symptoms that can affect your quality of life. BPH is common in men older than 50 years. Learn more about BPH symptoms. BPH is considered a normal condition of male aging, and many men older than 80 years have BPH symptoms. Although the exact cause is unknown, changes in male sex hormones that come with aging may be a factor.

Any family history of prostate problems or any abnormalities with your testicles may raise your risk of BPH. Common symptoms include:. Talk to your doctor if you have any of these symptoms. They are treatable, and often treating them can help prevent complications. When checking you for BPH, your doctor will usually begin by doing a physical exam and asking you about your medical history. The physical exam includes a rectal examination that allows the doctor to estimate the size and shape of your prostate.

Other tests can include:. Your doctor can make any necessary medication adjustments. Treatment of BPH can begin with self-care.

Your age and general health will also influence the prescribed treatment. Learn more about BPH treatment. Natural treatment can include specific actions or lifestyle changes that you can make to help relieve your symptoms of BPH. These include:. Some people also include natural remedies in their natural treatment of BPH.

Learn more about BPH natural remedies. These medications include alpha-1 blockers, hormone reduction medications, and antibiotics. Learn more about BPH medications. Alpha-1 blockers are medications that relax the muscles of the bladder and prostate. Alpha-1 blockers relax the neck of the bladder and make it easier for urine to flow.

Examples of alpha-1 blockers include:. Medications that reduce the levels of hormones produced by the prostate gland such as dutasteride and finasteride are commonly prescribed.

These are two medications that lower the levels of testosterone. Sometimes, lowering the hormone levels will make the prostate get smaller and improve urine flow. However, these medications may also lead to undesired side effects such as impotence and a decreased sex drive. Antibiotics may be used if your prostate becomes chronically inflamed from bacterial prostatitis related to BPH.

Treating bacterial prostatitis with antibiotics may improve your symptoms of BPH by reducing the inflammation. There are different types of surgical procedures that can help treat BPH when medications are not effective. Others are more invasive and need to be done in a hospital inpatient procedures. Learn more about BPH surgery options.

Outpatient procedures involve inserting an instrument into your urethra and into the prostate gland. They include:.

Many men ignore their symptoms of BPH. However, early treatment can help you avoid potentially dangerous complications. Men who have a long-standing history of BPH may develop the following complications:. Sometimes urinary obstruction from BPH is so severe that no urine can leave the bladder at all. This is called bladder outlet obstruction. It can be dangerous because urine trapped in the bladder can cause urinary tract infections and damage your kidneys.

BPH and prostate cancer can share many symptoms. Prostate cancer is a more serious condition than BPH. In most cases, prostate cancer needs to be treated.

Learn more about the similarities and differences of BPH and prostate cancer. Sometimes, your doctor will want you to have regular checkups to monitor your symptoms and the size of your prostate. Lifestyle changes, medication, and surgery are all treatment options for symptoms that are affecting your quality of life.

Your doctor will work with you to develop a treatment plan that helps you manage your symptoms and live a healthy life. Prostatitis and benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH are two conditions that affect the prostate. Although both can lead to pain and difficulty…. Can natural remedies help relieve symptoms from an enlarged prostate?

Here's what the research says. Learn the connection between caffeine and BPH, and find tips for kicking your coffee addiction.

Here's everything you need to know about before, during, and after surgery for BPH. Suprapubic prostatectomy may be used to treat enlarged prostate BPH. Learn more about this procedure. Tamsulosin Flomax may not be right for you.

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Enlargement of the prostate